There is only one species in this family. The Mexican burrowing toad is found from Texas to Mexico. It is 1 to 2.75 inches in length. It has an round, flat body; short, stubby legs; and a small, pointed head. It is brown with a yellow to reddish-orange stripe down its back. It has horny "spades" on its hind feet that it uses for digging its burrow.
It is nocturnal and eats insects, especially termites. When it is frightened, it blows up its body, like a balloon. It spends most of its time in its underground burrow and usually only comes out after it rains.
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