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Phocidae - seals

Harbor SealThere are 19 species in this family. Most seal species are found in the Arctic and Antarctica, but seals are also found along coastlines around the world from the North Pole south to 30 degrees north latitude and from Antarctica north to 50 degrees south latitude. One seal, the Baikal seal, lives only in Lake Baikal in Russia.

Seals have torpedo-shaped bodies; short, front flippers with claws; and large hind flippers. Unlike the fur seals and the sea lions, they have no external ears and can not walk on their flippers. They use their front flippers to steer in the water and their rear flippers to propel themselves in the water. They have fur, but in some species their fur is very sparse!

Seals eat fish, crustaceans, squid, and octopus. Some species also eat plankton. Seals vary in size from the elephant seal which can weigh up to 5,000 pounds to the ringed seal that weighs around 120 pounds. The species in this family are not as social as the fur seals and sea lions, and they don't live in large groups. One species, the Caribbean Monk Seal, is probably extinct. It was last sighted in 1952.

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct in Wild extinctExtinct
Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status.

US Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in US Endangered in NH Endangered in NH Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

New Hampshire Species

 

 North/Central American Species

Harbor Seal - Phoca vitulina Least Concern   Hawaiian Monk Seal - Monachus schauinslandi Critically Endangered Endangered in US
Caribbean Monk Seal - Monachus tropicalis extinct
Harp Seal - Pagophilus groenlandicus Least Concern
Spotted Seal - Phoca largha
Harbor Seal - Phoca vitulina Least Concern
Ringed Seal - Pusa hispida Least Concern

North/Central American Species

 
Hooded Seal - Cystophora cristata Vulnerable
Bearded Seal - Erignathus barbatus Least Concern
Gray Seal - Halichoerus grypus Least Concern
Ribbon Seal - Histriophoca fasciata
Northern Elephant Seal - Mirounga angustirostris Least Concern
 

Species Around the World

Location Key
Africa Africa Antarctica Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH
Arctic OceanArctic Ocean atlantic OceanAtlantic Ocean indian OceanIndian Ocean southern oceanMediterranean/Black Sea pacific oceanPacific Ocean

Hooded Seal - Cystophora cristata Vulnerable Europe North America atlantic Ocean
Bearded Seal - Erignathus barbatus Least Concern Asia Europe North America atlantic Ocean pacific ocean
Gray Seal - Halichoerus grypus Least Concern Asia Europe North America atlantic Ocean
Ribbon Seal - Histriophoca fasciata Asia North America Arctic Ocean pacific ocean
Leopard Seal - Hydrurga leptonyx Least Concern Australia atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
Weddell Seal - Leptonychotes weddellii Least Concern atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
Crabeater Seal - Lobodon carcinophaga Least Concern atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
Northern Elephant Seal - Mirounga angustirostris Least Concern North America pacific ocean
Southern Elephant Seal - Mirounga leonina Least Concern Africa Australia South America
Mediterranean Monk Seal - Monachus monachus Critically Endangered Africa Asia Europe atlantic Ocean southern ocean
Hawaiian Monk Seal - Monachus schauinslandi Critically Endangered Endangered in US North America pacific ocean
Caribbean Monk Seal - Monachus tropicalis extinct North America South America
Ross Seal - Ommatophoca rossii Least Concern atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
Harp Seal - Pagophilus groenlandicus Least Concern Asia Europe North America Arctic Ocean atlantic Ocean
Spotted Seal - Phoca largha Asia North America Arctic Ocean pacific ocean
Harbor Seal - Phoca vitulina Least Concern Asia Europe North America atlantic Ocean pacific ocean
Caspian Seal - Pusa caspica Endangered Asia
Ringed Seal - Pusa hispida Least Concern Asia Europe North America Arctic Ocean
Baikal Seal - Pusa sibirica Least Concern Asia
   

Additional Information

Resource Key
profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio Interactive

Elephant Seals - Mirounga angustirostris profile Photos
Elephant seals were once hunted for their oil and were close to extinction.
Source: National Geographic Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Baikal Seal - Pusa sibirica profile Photos Video Least Concern Asia
The Baikal seal is found in Lake Baikal in Russia.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Baikal Seal - Pusa sibirica profile Photos Least Concern Asia
The Baikal seal is the world's only completely freshwater seal.
Source: Seal Conservation Society Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Baikal Seal - Pusa sibirica profile Photos Least Concern Asia
At a little over 4 feet in length, the Baikal seal is one of the smallest pinnipeds.
Source:
Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Bearded Seal - Erignathus barbatus profile Photos Video Least Concern Asia Europe North America atlantic Ocean pacific ocean
The bearded seal is found in the Arctic waters of the Atlantic and the Pacific Oceans.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Bearded Seal - Erignathus barbatus profile Photos Least Concern Asia Europe North America atlantic Ocean pacific ocean
The bearded seal gets its name from its long whiskers.
Source: Seal Conservation Society Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Bearded Seal - Erignathus barbatus profile Photos Least Concern Asia Europe North America atlantic Ocean pacific ocean
The bearded seal is very vocal. The male's song can be heard for 12 miles.
Source: NOAA Fisheries Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Bearded Seal - Erignathus barbatus profile Photos Least Concern Asia Europe North America atlantic Ocean pacific ocean
Bearded seals ram their heads through thin ice to create breathing holes.
Source: NOAA Alaska Fisheries Science Center Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Bearded Seal - Erignathus barbatus profile Least Concern Asia Europe North America atlantic Ocean pacific ocean
Bearded seals prefer shallow arctic waters with lots of ice floes or pack ice.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Caribbean Monk Seal - Monachus tropicalis profile extinct North America South America
The Caribbean monk seal is also known as the West Indian monk seal. It was found in the tropical waters of the Florida Keys, the Bahamas, the Greater and Lesser Antilles, around the Yucatan Peninsula.
Source:
Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Caribbean Monk Seal - Monachus tropicalis profile Photos extinct North America South America
The last confirmed sighting of the Caribbean monk seal was in 1952.
Source: NOAA Fisheries Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Caribbean Monk Seal - Monachus tropicalis profile extinct North America South America
The Caribbean monk seal was hunted for its blubber, to make oil, and for its meat.
Source: Seal Conservation Society Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Caspian Seal - Pusa caspica profile Photos Video Endangered Asia
The Caspian seal is found in the Caspian Sea, the world's largest inland body of saltwater.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Caspian Seal - Pusa caspica profile Endangered Asia
In late autumn, Caspian seals migrate to the northern part of the Caspian Sea where the water is shallow and frozen.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Caspian Seal - Pusa caspica profile Photos Endangered Asia
Newborn Caspian seal pups have a long coats of white fur that help insulate them from the cold.
Source: Seal Conservation Society Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Crabeater Seal - Lobodon carcinophaga profile Photos Video Least Concern atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
The crabeater seal is found on the pack ice and coast of Antarctica.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Crabeater Seal - Lobodon carcinophaga profile Photos Least Concern atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
The crabeater seal should be called the krill eater seal. It does not eat crabs. Its main source of food is krill.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Crabeater Seal - Lobodon carcinophaga profile Photos Least Concern atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
Crabeater seals have been known to live for forty years.
Source: NOAA Alaska Fisheries Center Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Elementary/Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Crabeater Seal - Lobodon carcinophaga profile Photos Least Concern atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
Crabeater seal males will stay with the female until their pup has been weaned, usually 14-21 days.
Source: Seal Conservation Society Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Crabeater Seal - Lobodon carcinophaga profile Least Concern atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
Scientists consider crabeater seals to be the most abundant of any pinniped species.
Source: Animal Bytes Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Gray Seal - Halichoerus grypus profile Photos Video Least Concern Asia Europe North America atlantic Ocean
The gray seal is found in sub-Arctic to cold temperate regions in the North Atlantic.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Gray Seal - Halichoerus grypus profile Photos Least Concern Asia Europe North America atlantic Ocean
Gray seals are sometimes called "horseheads" because of their large snouts.
Source: NOAA Fisheries Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Gray Seal - Halichoerus grypus profile Photos Least Concern Asia Europe North America atlantic Ocean
Male gray seals can grow to almost ten feet long.
Source: National Zoo Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Gray Seal - Halichoerus grypus profile Photos Least Concern Asia Europe North America atlantic Ocean
Male gray seals can grow to almost ten feet long.
Source: National Zoo Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Harbor Seal - Phoca vitulina profile Photos Video Least Concern Asia Europe North America atlantic Ocean pacific ocean New Hampshire Species
The harbor seal is found throughout the coastal waters of the Northern Hemisphere from Arctic to temperate regions.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Harbor Seal - Phoca vitulina profile Photos Least Concern Asia Europe North America atlantic Ocean pacific ocean New Hampshire Species
Harbor seals are the most common seal seen along the east coast of the United States.
Source: NOAA Fisheries Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Harbor Seal - Phoca vitulina profile Photos Least Concern Asia Europe North America atlantic Ocean pacific ocean New Hampshire Species
There are five subspecies of harbor seal.
Source: Seal Conservation Society Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Harbor Seal - Phoca vitulina profile Photos Video Least Concern Asia Europe North America atlantic Ocean pacific ocean New Hampshire Species
Harbor seals rest and raise their pups on sandy and rocky beaches.
Source: New England Aquarium Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Harbor Seal - Phoca vitulina profile Photos Least Concern Asia Europe North America atlantic Ocean pacific ocean New Hampshire Species
Harbor seals have a life span of about 25 to 30 years.
Source: Enchanted Learning Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Elementary School Teacher Section: No

Harp Seal - Pagophilus groenlandicus Photos Least Concern Asia Europe North America Arctic Ocean atlantic Ocean
Harp seals are found in the Arctic and northern Atlantic Oceans and can be found from Newfoundland to northern Russia.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Harp Seal - Pagophilus groenlandicus profile Photos Least Concern Asia Europe North America Arctic Ocean atlantic Ocean
Adult harp seals have light gray fur, a black face, and a horseshoe-shaped black saddle on their back.
Source: NOAA Fisheries Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Harp Seal - Pagophilus groenlandicus profile Photos Least Concern Asia Europe North America Arctic Ocean atlantic Ocean
Harp seals spend most of their time in coastal ocean waters near pack ice.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Harp Seal - Pagophilus groenlandicus profile Photos Least Concern Asia Europe North America Arctic Ocean atlantic Ocean
For many years, newborn harp seal pups were killed in large numbers for their white coats.
Source: Smithsonian Museum of Natural History Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Harp Seal - Pagophilus groenlandicus profile Photos Audio Least Concern Asia Europe North America Arctic Ocean atlantic Ocean
Harp seals can remain submerged underwater for up to 15 minutes.
Source: National Geographic Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Harp Seal - Pagophilus groenlandicus profile Photos Video Least Concern Asia Europe North America Arctic Ocean atlantic Ocean
During mating season, female harp seals form large colonies on floating ice and give birth to their young.
Source: National Geographic Kids Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Elementary School Teacher Section: No

Harp Seal - Pagophilus groenlandicus profile Photos Video Least Concern Asia Europe North America Arctic Ocean atlantic Ocean
Harp seals are hunted by killer whales, polar bears, and people.
Source: Enchanted Learning Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Elementary School Teacher Section: No

Hawaiian Monk Seal - Monachus schauinslandi profile Photos Video Critically Endangered Endangered in US North America pacific ocean
Hawaiian monk seals are found throughout the Hawaiian Island chain.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Hawaiian Monk Seal - Monachus schauinslandi profile Photos Critically Endangered Endangered in US North America pacific ocean
The ancient Hawaiian name for the Hawaiian monk seal was "llio holo I ka uaua" meaning "dog that runs in rough water."
Source: NOAA Fisheries Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Hawaiian Monk Seal - Monachus schauinslandi profile Photos Critically Endangered Endangered in US North America pacific ocean
The main predator of the Hawaiian monk seal is the tiger shark.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Hawaiian Monk Seal - Monachus schauinslandi profile Photos Critically Endangered Endangered in US North America pacific ocean
Hawaiian monk seals eat fish, octopus, squid, and lobster.
Source: Defenders of Wildlife Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Hawaiian Monk Seal - Monachus schauinslandi profile Photos Audio Critically Endangered Endangered in US North America pacific ocean
Hawaiian monk seals spend most of their time at sea.
Source: National Geographic Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Hawaiian Monk Seal - Monachus schauinslandi profile Photos Critically Endangered Endangered in US North America pacific ocean
Hawaiian monk seals are the most endangered endemic marine mammal in the United States.
Source: Marine Conservation Biology Institute Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Hawaiian Monk Seal - Monachus schauinslandi profile Photos Video Critically Endangered Endangered in US North America pacific ocean
There are fewer than 1100 monk seals remaining in the entire Hawaiian Archipelago.
Source: Hawai'i Wildlife Fund Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Hooded Seal - Cystophora cristata profile Photos Video Vulnerable Europe North America atlantic Ocean
The hooded seal is found in the north Atlantic and off the coasts of Canada; Greenland; Iceland; and Norway. They are also found in the United States in Maine from December through April.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Hooded Seal - Cystophora cristata profile Photos Video Vulnerable Europe North America atlantic Ocean
Hooded seals get their name from the fleshy sac or “hood” males have above their nostrils that they can inflate. When it is not inflated, this sac hangs between his eyes and down over his upper lip.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Hooded Seal - Cystophora cristata profile Photos Vulnerable Europe North America atlantic Ocean
Male hooded seals inflate a red sac out of one of his nostrils that looks like a big red balloon. He does this to attract a female.
Source: NOAA Fisheries Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Hooded Seal - Cystophora cristata profile Photos Video Vulnerable Europe North America atlantic Ocean
The female hooded seal leaves her pup after four days. The pup survives on stored fat for a couple of weeks until it can hunt for fish on its own.
Source: Smithsonian Museum of Natural History Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Hooded Seal - Cystophora cristata profile Photos Video Vulnerable Europe North America atlantic Ocean
Hooded seals can dive to depths of 3,000 feet and stay submerged underwater for over 50 minutes.
Source: Seal Conservation Society Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Hooded Seal - Cystophora cristata profile Vulnerable Europe North America atlantic Ocean
The hooded seal feeds on fish, squid, and octopus.
Source: Animal Bytes Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Leopard Seal - Hydrurga leptonyx profile Photos Video Least Concern Australia atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
The leopard seal is found in Antarctic and sub-Antarctic waters of the southern Hemisphere.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Leopard Seal - Hydrurga leptonyx profile Least Concern Australia atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
The leopard seal's diet includes penguins, seabirds, fish, squid, krill, and smaller seals.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Leopard Seal - Hydrurga leptonyx profile Photos Least Concern Australia atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
The leopard seal is named for its black-spotted coat.
Source: National Geographic Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Leopard Seal - Hydrurga leptonyx profile Photos Least Concern Australia atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
The leopard seal swims so fast it can "jump" out of the water to snatch penguins off the edge of the ice!
Source: NOAA Alaska Fisheries Center Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Leopard Seal - Hydrurga leptonyx profile Photos Least Concern Australia atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
The only natural predator of the leopard seal is the killer whale.
Source: Australian Antarctic Division Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Leopard Seal - Hydrurga leptonyx profile Least Concern Australia atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
Leopard seals have uniquely shaped cheek teeth that allow them to strain krill out of seawater.
Source: Animal Bytes Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Mediterranean Monk Seal - Monachus monachus profile Photos Video Critically Endangered Africa Asia Europe atlantic Ocean southern ocean
The Mediterranean monk seal was once found throughout the Mediterranean, the Black Sea and the northwestern coast of Africa. It is now limited to a few small colonies in the Mediterranean Sea and the Northwest African coast.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Mediterranean Monk Seal - Monachus monachus profile Photos Critically Endangered Africa Asia Europe atlantic Ocean southern ocean
There are around 600 Mediterranean monk seals in the wild.
Source: NOAA Fisheries Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Mediterranean Monk Seal - Monachus monachus profile Critically Endangered Africa Asia Europe atlantic Ocean southern ocean
Female Mediterranean monk seals give birth on isolated beaches or in caves.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Northern Elephant Seal - Mirounga angustirostris profile Photos Video Least Concern North America pacific ocean
The northern elephant seal is found in off the Pacific Coast of North America from Alaska to Mexico.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Northern Elephant Seal - Mirounga angustirostris profile Photos Video Least Concern North America pacific ocean
The northern elephant seal spends only 10% of its time on land.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Northern Elephant Seal - Mirounga angustirostris profile Photos Least Concern North America pacific ocean
Fully grown northern elephant seal males can reach lengths of over 13 feet and can weigh nearly 4,400 pounds.
Source: NOAA Fisheries Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Northern Elephant Seal - Mirounga angustirostris profile Photos Least Concern North America pacific ocean
Northern elephant seal males are much larger than females.
Source: Smithsonian Museum of Natural History Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Northern Elephant Seal - Mirounga angustirostris profile Photos Least Concern North America pacific ocean
Northern elephant seals migrate twice a year between Californian and Mexican beaches and their feeding areas in the north Pacific Ocean.
Source: Seal Conservation Society Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Northern Elephant Seal - Mirounga angustirostris profile Photos Least Concern North America pacific ocean
The northern elephant seal is the second largest seal in the world.
Source: Marine Mammal Center Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Northern Elephant Seal - Mirounga angustirostris profile Photos Least Concern North America pacific ocean
Northern elephant seals dive for up to 30 minutes at a time to depths of 1,000-2,000 feet.
Source: Monterey Bay Aquarium Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Northern Elephant Seal - Mirounga angustirostris profile Photos Least Concern North America pacific ocean
Northern elephant seals prolong their dives by reducing their heart rate.
Source: National Park Service Point Reyes Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Northern Elephant Seal - Mirounga angustirostris profile Photos Least Concern North America pacific ocean
The northern elephant seal has no external ears.
Source: Enchanted Learning Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Elementary School Teacher Section: No

Northern Elephant Seal Cam - Mirounga angustirostris Video Least Concern North America pacific ocean
Check out this live HD Northern Elephant Seal cam from Año Nuevo State Park in California.
Source: California State Parks Intended Audience: General Reading Level: N/A Teacher Section: No

Ribbon Seal - Histriophoca fasciata profile Asia North America Arctic Ocean pacific ocean
Ribbon seals are found in coastal areas of the north Pacific Ocean and in the seas bordering Alaska and Russia.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Ribbon Seal - Histriophoca fasciata profile Photos Asia North America Arctic Ocean pacific ocean
Ribbon seals eat about 20 lbs of food each day.
Source: NOAA Fisheries Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Ribbon Seal - Histriophoca fasciata profile Photos Asia North America Arctic Ocean pacific ocean
Ribbon seals have an internal air sack over their ribs on the right side of their body. They are the only seals with this air sack! Scientists do not know what the air sac is used for.
Source: NOAA Alaska Fisheries Center Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Ribbon Seal - Histriophoca fasciata profile Photos Asia North America Arctic Ocean pacific ocean
Adult ribbon seals have dark bodies with light bands around their neck, front flippers, and hips.
Source: Alaska Sea Grant Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Ribbon Seal - Histriophoca fasciata profile Photos Asia North America Arctic Ocean pacific ocean
Ribbon seal pups are white.
Source: Seal Conservation Society Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Ringed Seal - Pusa hispida profile Photos Video Least Concern Asia Europe North America Arctic Ocean
The ringed seal has a circumpolar distribution around the Arctic. It is found in the northern parts of the Baltic Sea, Canada, Alaska, Siberia, and along the Japanese Pacific coastline.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Ringed Seal - Pusa hispida profile Photos Least Concern Asia Europe North America Arctic Ocean
Ringed seals are dark with silver rings on their back and sides. They have a silver belly.
Source: NOAA Fisheries Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Ringed Seal - Pusa hispida profile Photos Least Concern Asia Europe North America Arctic Ocean
Ringed seals stay close to the ice all year long!
Source: NOAA Alaska Fisheries Center Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Ringed Seal - Pusa hispida profile Photos Least Concern Asia Europe North America Arctic Ocean
Ringed seals live under solid sea ice by keeping breathing holes open with their claws.
Source: Alaska Fish and Game Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Ringed Seal - Pusa hispida profile Photos Least Concern Asia Europe North America Arctic Ocean
Arctic climate change may be affecting the ringed seals' ice habitat.
Source: Seal Conservation Society Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Ringed Seal - Pusa hispida profile Photos Least Concern Asia Europe North America Arctic Ocean
The ringed seal is the smallest seal species. Adults are about five feet in length and weigh up to 150 pounds.
Source: National Geographic Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Ross Seal - Ommatophoca rossii profile Photos Least Concern atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
The Ross seal is found on remote, inaccessible ice packs surrounding the Antarctic.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Ross Seal - Ommatophoca rossii profile Photos Least Concern atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
Ross seals are the least studied of the Antarctic seals.
Source: Seal Conservation Society Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Ross Seal - Ommatophoca rossii profile Least Concern atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
Ross seals have the shortest hair of any seal.
Source: Animal Bytes Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Ross Seal - Ommatophoca rossii profile Least Concern atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
Ross seals are the smallest seals of the Antarctic region.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Southern Elephant Seal - Mirounga leonina profile Photos Video Least Concern Africa Australia South America
The southern elephant seal is found along the coast of Antarctica and on sub-Antarctic islands.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Southern Elephant Seal - Mirounga leonina profile Photos Least Concern Africa Australia South America
Male southern elephant seals are the largest pinnipeds. They can be up to 20 feet in length and weigh over 8,000 pounds.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Spotted Seal - Phoca largha Photos Asia North America Arctic Ocean pacific ocean
The spotted seal is found in the Arctic Ocean and the northwest and northeast Pacific Ocean and off the coasts of Canada; China; Japan; North Korea, South Korea, Russia, and the United States.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Spotted Seal - Phoca largha profile Photos Asia North America Arctic Ocean pacific ocean
In the United States, the spotted seal is found in Alaska.
Source: NOAA Fisheries Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Spotted Seal - Phoca largha profile Photos Asia North America Arctic Ocean pacific ocean
The male spotted seal mates with only one female and stay with her until their pup is weaned.
Source: Smithsonian Museum of Natural History Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Spotted Seal - Phoca largha profile Photos Asia North America Arctic Ocean pacific ocean
Adult spotted seals can dive to depths of around 3,000 feet.
Source: Seal Conservation Society Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Spotted Seal - Phoca largha profile Photos Asia North America Arctic Ocean pacific ocean
Spotted seals are the only seal species that breeds in China.
Source: NOAA Alaska Fisheries Center Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Spotted Seal - Phoca largha profile Photos Audio Asia North America Arctic Ocean pacific ocean
Spotted seals are the only seal species that breeds in China.
Source: Alaska Sea Grant Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Spotted Seal - Phoca largha profile Asia North America Arctic Ocean pacific ocean
Spotted seals form large groups of up to several thousand individuals during pupping and molting season.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Weddell Seal - Leptonychotes weddellii profile Photos Video Least Concern atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
The Weddell seal has a circumpolar distribution around Antarctica. It is also found on sub-Antarctic islands including the South Orkneys, South Shetlands and South Georgia.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Weddell Seal - Leptonychotes weddellii profile Photos Least Concern atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
The Weddell seal is usually found on near-shore fast ice, not pack ice like other Antarctic seals.
Source: Seal Conservation Society Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Weddell Seal - Leptonychotes weddellii profile Photos Audio Least Concern atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
The Weddell seal isn't a big traveler. It is commonly found within a few miles of their birthplace.
Source: National Geographic Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Weddell Seal - Leptonychotes weddellii profile Photos Least Concern atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
When sleeping and resting, Weddell seals may remain in the same spot for hours.
Source: National Zoo Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Weddell Seal - Leptonychotes weddellii profile Least Concern atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
Adult Weddell seals have a dark gray coat that is marked with black and lighter gray areas.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Weddell Seal - Leptonychotes weddellii profile Least Concern atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
Weddell seals are named for British Antarctic explorer James Weddell, who commanded British expeditions into the Weddell Sea.
Source: Enchanted Learning Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Elementary School Teacher Section: No