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Otariidae - fur seals, sea lions

Steller Sea LionThere are 16 species in this family. They are found along coastlines around North and South America, Northern and Central Asia, and along the southwest coast of Australia.

They have long, fur-covered bodies; external ears; front and rear flippers; and a very short tail. Their front flippers have claws on the end. The species in this family use their front and rear flippers to walk on land and they use their front flippers to propel themselves through the water.

Fur seals and sea lions are very social and live in large groups. They eat fish and crustaceans. In the United States, the species in this family are found along the Pacific Coast.

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct in Wild extinctExtinct
Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status.

US Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in US Endangered in NH Endangered in NH Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

  New Hampshire Species

 

 North/Central American Species

None
  Guadalupe Fur Seal - Arctocephalus townsendi Near Threatened Threatened in US
Northern Fur Seal - Callorhinus ursinus Vulnerable
Steller Sea Lion - Eumetopias jubatus Endangered Endangered in US
Californian Sea Lion - Zalophus californianus Least Concern

Other Species Around the World

Africa Africa Antarctica Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH
atlantic OceanAtlantic Ocean Arctic OceanArctic Ocean indian OceanIndian Ocean southern oceanMediterranean/Black Sea pacific oceanPacific Ocean

South American Fur Seal - Arctocephalus australis Least Concern South America atlantic Ocean pacific ocean
New Zealand Fur Seal - Arctocephalus forsteri Least Concern Australia
Galápagos Fur Seal - Arctocephalus galapagoensis Endangered South America pacific ocean
Antarctic Fur Seal - Arctocephalus gazella Least Concern atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
Juan Fernández Fur Seal - Arctocephalus philippii Near Threatened South America pacific ocean
Afro-Australian Fur Seal-Arctocephalus pusillus Least Concern Africa Australia atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
Guadalupe Fur Seal - Arctocephalus townsendi Near Threatened North America pacific ocean
Subantarctic Fur Seal-Arctocephalus tropicalis Least Concern Africa South America atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean

  Northern Fur Seal - Callorhinus ursinus Vulnerable Asia North America pacific ocean
Steller Sea Lion - Eumetopias jubatus Endangered Asia North America pacific ocean
Australian Sea Lion - Neophoca cinerea Endangered Australia indian Ocean
South American Sea Lion-Otaria flavescens Least Concern South America atlantic Ocean pacific ocean
New Zealand Sea Lion - Phocarctos hookeri Vulnerable Australia pacific ocean
Californian Sea Lion - Zalophus californianus Least Concern North America pacific ocean
Japanese Sea Lion - Zalophus japonicus extinct Asia
Galápagos Sea Lion - Zalophus wollebaeki Endangered South America

Additional Information

Key: profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio

Afro-Australian Fur Seal - Arctocephalus pusillus Photos Video Least Concern Africa Australia atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
The Afro-Australian fur seal is also known as the brown fur seal or the Cape fur seal.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Afro-Australian Fur Seal - Arctocephalus pusillus profile Photos Least Concern Africa Australia atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
The Afro-Australian fur seal has two subspecies. Arctocephalus pusillus pusillus is found along the southern coast of Africa and Arctocephalus pusillus doriferus is found along the southern coast of Australia.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Antarctic Fur Seal - Arctocephalus gazella Photos Video Least Concern atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
Close to 95% of the population of Antarctic fur seals breeds on the island of South Georgia.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Antarctic Fur Seal - Arctocephalus gazella profile Photos Least Concern atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
The Antarctic fur seal is can travel at speeds of up to 12 mph on land.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Australian Sea Lion - Neophoca cinerea Photos Endangered Australia indian Ocean
The Australian sea lion is found in on the south and west coasts of Australia.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Australian Sea Lion - Neophoca cinerea profile Photos Endangered Australia indian Ocean
The Australian sea lion is an excellent climber and very agile on land.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Californian Sea Lion - Zalophus californianus profile Photos Video Least Concern North America pacific ocean
The California sea lion is found off the Pacific coast of North America from British Columbia to Mexico.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Californian Sea Lion - Zalophus californianus profile Photos Video Least Concern North America pacific ocean
The California sea lion can swim at speeds of up to 15-20 mph.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Californian Sea Lion - Zalophus californianus profile Photos Audio Least Concern North America pacific ocean
The California sea lion can stay under water for up to 10 minutes.
Source: National Geographic Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Californian Sea Lion - Zalophus californianus profile Photos Least Concern North America pacific ocean
California sea lions are very social and often gather in large groups.
Source: Sea World Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Californian Sea Lion - Zalophus californianus profile Photos Least Concern North America pacific ocean
California sea lions eat fish, squid, and octopus.

Source: National Zoo Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Californian Sea Lion - Zalophus californianus profile Photos Least Concern North America pacific ocean
California sea lions are usually the sea lions you see at circuses, zoos, and aquariums doing tricks like balancing a ball on their nose.

Source: NOAA Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Galápagos Fur Seal - Arctocephalus galapagoensis profile Photos Video Endangered South America pacific ocean
The Galápagos fur seal is found in the Galápagos Islands.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Galápagos Fur Seal - Arctocephalus galapagoensis profile Photos Endangered South America pacific ocean
The Galápagos fur seal spends more time on land than other species of fur seals.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Galápagos Sea Lion - Zalophus wollebaeki profile Photos Video Endangered South America
The Galápagos sea lion is found in the Islands.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Guadalupe Fur Seal - Arctocephalus townsendi profile Photos Video Near Threatened North America pacific ocean
The Guadalupe fur seal breeds on Guadalupe Island off the coast of Baja California, Mexico. They have been spotted as far north as the Channel Islands in California.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Guadalupe Fur Seal - Arctocephalus townsendi profile Near Threatened North America pacific ocean
Guadalupe fur seals live on rocky coasts and in the caves found along these shores.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Juan Fernández Fur Seal - Arctocephalus philippii profile Photos Video Near Threatened South America pacific ocean
The Juan Fernández fur seal was once thought to be extinct. It breeds on the Juan Fernández Islands off the coast of Chile.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Juan Fernández Fur Seal - Arctocephalus philippii profile Near Threatened South America pacific ocean
The Juan Fernández fur seal often rests in the water with its head down and its hindflippers swaying out of the water.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

New Zealand Fur Seal - Arctocephalus forsteri profile Photos Video Least Concern Australia
The New Zealand fur seal is found in off the coast of southern Australia and off the coast of South Island, New Zealand.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

New Zealand Fur Seal - Arctocephalus forsteri profile Photos Least Concern Australia
Male New Zealand fur seals first establish and defend a mating territory when they are 8-10 years old.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

New Zealand Sea Lion - Phocarctos hookeri profile Photos Video Vulnerable Australia pacific ocean
The New Zealand sea lion is also known as the Hooker's sea lion. It is found on sandy beaches in New Zealand.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

New Zealand Sea Lion - Phocarctos hookeri profile Photos Vulnerable Australia pacific ocean
New Zealand sea lion pups explore freshwater creeks and pools behind the beach for their first six months.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Northern Fur Seal - Callorhinus ursinus profile Photos Video Vulnerable Asia North America pacific ocean
The northern fur seal is found on coasts in the northern Pacific Ocean.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Northern Fur Seal - Callorhinus ursinus profile Photos Vulnerable Asia North America pacific ocean
The northern fur seal is a solitary animal, except during the breeding season.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

South American Fur Seal - Arctocephalus australis profile Photos Video Least Concern South America atlantic Ocean pacific ocean
The South American fur seal is found on the coast of Argentina, Brazil, Chile, the Falkland Islands, Peru, and Uruguay.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

South American Fur Seal - Arctocephalus australis profile Photos Least Concern South America atlantic Ocean pacific ocean
The South American fur seal is found on rocky shores and islands.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

South American Sea Lion - Otaria flavescens Photos Video Least Concern South America atlantic Ocean pacific ocean
The South American sea lion is found on the coasts of Brazil, Chile, the Falkland Islands, Peru, and Uruguay.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

South American Sea Lion - Otaria flavescens profile Photos Least Concern South America atlantic Ocean pacific ocean
Male South American sea lions are up to three times larger than females.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Steller Sea Lion - Eumetopias jubatus profile Photos Video Endangered Asia North America pacific ocean
The Steller sea lion is found on the coast of Canada, Japan, Russia, and the western United States.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Steller Sea Lion - Eumetopias jubatus profile Photos Endangered Asia North America pacific ocean
Male Steller sea lions are very aggressive and territorial.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Subantarctic Fur Seal - Arctocephalus tropicalis profile Photos Least Concern Africa South America atlantic Ocean indian Ocean pacific ocean
The Subantarctic fur seal is found in southern parts of the Indian and Atlantic Oceans.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes