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Megapodiidae - Scrub Fowl, Brush-turkeys

 

Classification

 Phylum: Chordata
 Class: Aves
 Order: Galliformes
 Fmily: Megapodiidae

superb blue fairywrenThere are 21 species in this family. They are found in forests in Australia, New Guinea, and surrounding islands though to Indonesia and the Philippines. They are large turkey-like birds, 20-27 inches in length. The Megapodes are also known as scrub fowl and brush turkeys.

Megapodes are also known as mound builders because of their unique nest building and incubation method! They create a nest mound of dried vegetation and sand and bury their eggs in the mound. They heat of the decaying vegetation incubates the eggs! Both parents add and take material off of the mound to regulate the temperature of the mound. After hatching, the chicks dig their way out of the mound. The chicks are precocial and can feed and care for themselves after hatching. Some members of this family place their eggs in burrows or pits in the ground and let the sun's warmth incubate the eggs.

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct in Wild extinctExtinct
Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status.

US Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in US Endangered in NH Endangered in NH Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

  New Hampshire Species

 

 North/Central American Species

None
  None

Other Species Around the World

Africa Africa Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North/Central America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH Species

Wattled Brush-turkey - Aepypodius arfakianus Least Concern Asia Australia
Bruijn's Brush-turkey - Aepypodius bruijnii Endangered Asia
Australian Brush-turkey - Alectura lathami Least Concern Australia
Moluccan Megapode - Eulipoa wallacei Vulnerable Asia
Malleefowl - Leipoa ocellata Vulnerable Australia
Maleo - Macrocephalon maleo Endangered Asia
New Guinea Megapode - Megapodius affinis Least Concern Asia Australia
Sula Megapode - Megapodius bernsteinii Near Threatened Asia
Tabon Megapode - Megapodius cumingii Least Concern Asia
Melanesian Megapode - Megapodius eremita Least Concern Australia
Dusky Megapode - Megapodius freycinet Least Concern Asia Australia

  Biak Megapode - Megapodius geelvinkianus Vulnerable Asia
Micronesian Megapode - Megapodius laperouse Endangered Australia
Vanuatu Megapode - Megapodius layardi Vulnerable Australia
Nicobar Megapode - Megapodius nicobariensis Vulnerable Asia
Polynesian Megapode - Megapodius pritchardii Endangered Australia
Orange-footed Megapode - Megapodius reinwardt Least Concern Asia Australia
Tanimbar Megapode - Megapodius tenimberensis Near Threatened Asia
Red-billed Brush-turkey - Talegalla cuvieri Least Concern Asia
Black-billed Brush-turkey - Talegalla fuscirostris Least Concern Asia Australia
Brown-collared Brush-turkey - Talegalla jobiensis Least Concern Asia Australia

Additional Information

Key: profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio

Bruijn's Brush-turkey - Aepypodius bruijnii Photos Endangered Asia
Bruijn's brush-turkey is found in Indonesia.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Maleo - Macrocephalon maleo profile Photos Video Endangered Asia
The maleo is found in Indonesia.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Malleefowl - Leipoa ocellata profile Photos Video Vulnerable Australia
The Malleefowl is found in Australia.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Micronesian Megapode - Megapodius laperouse Photos Endangered Australia
The Micronesian megapode is found in Northern Mariana Islands and Palau..
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Moluccan Megapode - Eulipoa wallacei Photos Vulnerable Asia
The Moluccan megapode is found in Indonesia.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Polynesian Megapode - Megapodius pritchardii profile Photos Video Endangered Australia
The Polynesian megapode is found in Tonga.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Vanuatu Megapode - Megapodius layardi Photos Vulnerable Australia
The Vanuatu megapode is found in Vanuatu.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes