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Lemuridae - true lemurs

Ring-tailed lemurThere are 21 species of medium-sized lemurs in this family. They are found in Madagascar and the Comoro Islands off the coast of eastern Africa.

True lemurs have long tails and long arms and legs. They have long, pointed noses; soft, wooly fur; and tufts of fur on the tips of their ears. They vary in color from reddish brown to black, to gray and white. Most species of lemur have an extra long "toilet claw" on the second toe of their feet that they use for grooming.

Lemurs live in trees, but some species spend a lot of time time on the ground. Most species of lemur are active in the day. Some species eat mostly fruit, others eat foliage, some eat insects, and there are even some species that eat bamboo.

Many of the species in this family are very social and live in groups of up to 20 individuals. Other species are more solitary.

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct in Wild extinctExtinct
Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status.

US Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in US Endangered in NH Endangered in NH Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

  New Hampshire Species

 

 North/Central American Species

None   None

Other Species Around the World

Africa Africa Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North/Central America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH Species

White-fronted Brown Lemur - Eulemur albifrons Vulnerable Africa
White-collared Lemur - Eulemur cinereiceps Endangered Africa
Collared Brown Lemur - Eulemur collaris Vulnerable Africa
Crowned Lemur - Eulemur coronatus Vulnerable Africa
Blue-eyed Black Lemur - Eulemur flavifrons Critically Endangered Africa
Common Brown Lemur - Eulemur fulvus Near Threatened Africa
Black Lemur - Eulemur macaco Vulnerable Africa
Mongoose Lemur - Eulemur mongoz Vulnerable Africa
Red-bellied Lemur - Eulemur rubriventer Vulnerable Africa
Red-fronted Brown Lemur - Eulemur rufifrons Near Threatened Africa
  Red Brown Lemur - Eulemur rufus Africa
Sanford's Brown Lemur - Eulemur sanfordi Endangered Africa
Lake Alaotra Gentle Lemur - Hapalemur alaotrensis Critically Endangered Africa
Golden Bamboo Lemur - Hapalemur aureus Endangered Africa
Eastern Lesser Bamboo Lemur - Hapalemur griseus Vulnerable Africa
Rusty-gray Lesser Bamboo Lemur - Hapalemur meridionalis Vulnerable Africa
Sambirano Lesser Bamboo Lemur - Hapalemur occidentalis Vulnerable Africa
Ring-tailed Lemur - Lemur catta Near Threatened Africa
Greater Bamboo Lemur - Prolemur simus Critically Endangered Africa
Red Ruffed Lemur - Varecia rubra Endangered Africa
Black-and-white Ruffed Lemur - Varecia variegata Critically Endangered Africa

Additional Information

Key: profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio

Black Lemur - Eulemur macaco Vulnerable Photos Video Endangered Africa
Most of the black lemur's diet is made up of fruit.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Black-and-white Ruffed Lemur - Varecia variegata profile Photos Video Critically Endangered Africa
The black-and-white ruffed lemur has black and white fur and big, round yellow-orange eyes.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Blue-eyed Black Lemur - Eulemur flavifrons profile Photos Critically Endangered Africa
The blue-eyed black lemur is one of only a few species of primates with blue eyes.
Source: Philadelphia Zoo Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Collared Brown Lemur - Eulemur collaris profile Photos Video Vulnerable Africa
The collared brown lemur is found in southeastern Madagascar.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Common Brown Lemur - Eulemur fulvus profile Photos Near Threatened Africa
The common brown lemur is most active during the day.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Crowned Lemur - Eulemur coronatus profile Photos Video Vulnerable Africa
The crowned lemur is found in forests of the northern tip of Madagascar.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Eastern Lesser Bamboo Lemur - Hapalemur griseus profile Photos Vulnerable Africa
The eastern lesser bamboo lemur is found in the forests of eastern Madagascar.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Golden Bamboo Lemur - Hapalemur aureus profile Photos Video Endangered Africa
The golden bamboo lemur has golden fur around its face.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Golden Bamboo Lemur - Hapalemur aureus profile Photos Endangered Africa
The golden bamboo lemur has developed a resistance to the high levels of cyanide that is found in the young bamboo leaves that it eats.
Source: EDGE Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Greater Bamboo Lemur - Prolemur simus profile Photos Video Critically Endangered Africa
The greater bamboo lemur is the largest of the bamboo lemurs.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Lake Alaotra Gentle Lemur - Hapalemur alaotrensis profile Photos Video Critically Endangered Africa
The Lake Alaotra gentle lemur feeds on papyrus reeds.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Mongoose Lemur - Eulemur mongoz profile Photos Vulnerable Africa
Male and female mongoose lemurs do not look alike.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Mongoose Lemur - Eulemur mongoz profile Photos Vulnerable Africa
The mongoose lemur lives on the Comoros Islands between Madagascar and Africa.
Source: Brookfield Zoo Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Red Brown Lemur - Eulemur rufus profile Photos Video Africa
The red lemur is also known as the rufous brown lemur or northern red-fronted lemur.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Red Ruffed Lemur - Varecia rubra Photos Endangered Africa
The red ruffed lemur is the largest member of this family.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Red Ruffed Lemur - Varecia rubra profile Photos Endangered Africa
Red ruffed lemurs have around 12 different vocalizations that they use to warn each other of danger.
Source: Woodland Park Zoo Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Red Ruffed Lemur - Varecia rubra profile Photos Endangered Africa
Red ruffed lemurs spend most of their in trees.
Source: Maryland Zoo Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Red-bellied Lemur - Eulemur rubriventer profile Photos Vulnerable Africa
The red-bellied lemur has two patches of white skin below its eyes.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Red-fronted Brown Lemur - Eulemur rufifrons Photos Near Threatened Africa
The red-fronted brown lemur was once considered a subspecies of the common brown lemur.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Ring-tailed Lemur - Lemur catta profile Photos Video Near Threatened Africa
The ring-tailed lemur has a long, black and white ringed tail.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Ring-tailed Lemur - Lemur catta profile Photos Video Near Threatened Africa
Ring-tailed lemurs purr and meow like house cats.
Source: Honolulu Zoo Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Elementary School Teacher Section: Yes

Ring-tailed Lemur - Lemur catta profile Photos Video Audio Near Threatened Africa
Ring-tailed lemurs spend hours every day sitting on the ground and soaking up the sun.
Source: National Geographic Kids Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Elementary School Teacher Section: No

Sambirano Lesser Bamboo Lemur - Hapalemur occidentalis Photos Vulnerable Africa
The Sambirano lesser bamboo lemur is found in northern and western Madagascar.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Sanford's Brown Lemur - Eulemur sanfordi profile Photos Video Endangered Africa
Sanford's brown lemur is found at the northern tip of Madagascar.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

White-collared Lemur - Eulemur cinereiceps profile Photos Endangered Africa
The white-collared lemur is also known as the gray-headed lemur.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

White-fronted Brown Lemur - Eulemur albifrons profile Photos Vulnerable Africa
The white-fronted brown lemur is found in the rainforest of northeastern Madagascar.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes