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King Rail -Rallus elegans



 Kingdom: Animalia
 Phylum: Chordata
 Class: Aves
 Order: Gruiformes
 Family: Rallidae
 Genus: Rallus
ICUN Redlist - World Status: Near ThreatenedNear Threatened


King RailThe King Rail is a medium-sized marsh bird with a body that looks like a chicken. Its feathers are rust-colored with a speckled pattern on the wings and white spots on the side of its body. The King Rail has a long curved bill, which helps it hunt in weedy marshes.


Found in the United States, Central America and the Caribbean, the King Rail has a very large range that stretches from the Midwestern United States to the Atlantic Ocean. The King Rail can live in the southern part of its range year-round. In the summer, it migrates to the northern part of its range to breed.


King RailThe King Rail prefers freshwater marshes but will use brackish (mixed salt and freshwater) wetlands as well. It is important that the King Rail's habitat have grasses, sedges, rushes and cattails to use as cover during nesting. The King Rail is found in rice fields in the southern United States and coastal saltwater marshes along the east coast.


King RailThe King Rail is an omnivore and mostly feeds in the water. It mainly feeds on crustaceans like crayfish, fiddler crabs and clams, fish and insects. Occasionally, the King Rail eats plants and seeds. If it must feed on land, the King Rail will dunk the food in water before consuming it.

Life Cycle

King RailBreeding and nesting occurs between April and July. The female lays between 6-14 light colored eggs. The male and female incubate the eggs for 22 days, taking turns. During this time, the male defends the nest. After hatching, the young can follow their mother around immediately. 4-6 weeks after hatching, the young can forage and feed themselves. After two months, young King Rails are able to fly on their own.


King RailAfter laying their eggs, the adult King Rail molts, sheds its feathers completely and is flightless for nearly a month!

Audio Credit: xeno-canto.org Todd Wilson cc logo