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Hominidae - great apes, humans

GorillaThere are seven species in this family, including chimpanzees, gorillas, orangutans, and humans. This family used to just include humans, but new DNA analysis shows that gorillas and chimpanzees should also be in this family. With the exception of humans, all of the species in this family are found in Africa and Asia.

Hominids have no tails; well developed forearms; five fingers and five toes; and except for humans, opposable thumbs and big toes. Humans only have opposable thumbs. Hominids can stand up on two legs, and humans always walk on two legs.

Males are larger than females. Hominids have large brains in relationship to their body size. They are very social and use vocalizations as well as visual displays to communicate. Some species of hominids can also use language to communicate. Humans can talk and other species of hominids, like gorillas and chimpanzees, have successfully been taught to communicate using sign language. All hominids, except for humans, are good tree climbers, and orangutans live in trees. All hominids are omnivores. Female hominids usually give birth to a single baby and take care of it for a number of years.

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct in Wild extinctExtinct
Status taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status, or there is no status data for the species.

US Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in US Endangered in NH Endangered in NH Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

New Hampshire Species

 

 North/Central American Species

Human - Homo sapiens Least Concern   None

Species Around the World

Location Key
Africa Africa Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North/Central America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH Species

Eastern Gorilla - Gorilla beringei Endangered Africa
Western Gorilla - Gorilla gorilla Critically Endangered Africa
Human - Homo sapiens Least Concern Africa Asia Australia Europe North America South America New Hampshire Species
Bonobo - Pan paniscus Endangered Africa

 

Robust Chimpanzee - Pan troglodytes Endangered Africa
Sumatran Orangutan - Pongo abelii Critically Endangered Asia
Bornean Orangutan - Pongo pygmaeus Endangered Asia

Additional Information

Resource Key
profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio

Bonobo - Pan paniscus Species Profile images Video Endangered Africa
The bonobo is the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Bornean Orangutan - Pongo pygmaeus Species Profile images Video Endangered Asia
The Bornean orangutan is found in Indonesia and Malaysia.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Eastern Gorilla - Gorilla beringei Species Profile images Video Endangered Africa
The eastern gorilla is found in Congo, Rwanda, and Uganda.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Robust Chimpanzee - Pan troglodytes Species Profile images Video Endangered Africa
The robust chimpanzee is found in Angola, Burkina Faso, Burundi, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Côte d'Ivoire, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Ghana, Guinea, Guinea-Bissau, Liberia, Mali, Nigeria, Senegal, Sierra Leone, Sudan, Tanzania, and Uganda.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Sumatran Orangutan - Pongo abelii Species Profile images Video Critically Endangered Asia
The Sumatran orangutan is found in Indonesia.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Western Gorilla - Gorilla gorilla Species Profile images Video Critically Endangered Africa
The western gorilla is found in Angola, Cameroon, Central African Republic, Congo, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, and Nigeria.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No