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Heteromyidae - kangaroo rats, pocket mice

Kangaroo RatThere are around 62 species of rodents in this family. Despite their name, kangaroo rats and pocket mice are not rats or mice! They are nocturnal and are found in western North America, Central America, and South America.

Many species in this family are found in deserts or grasslands. They have fur-lined cheek pouches, round eyes, and round ears. Some species like the kangaroo rats, have long legs and long rear feet for jumping! They have long tails with tufts of fur on the end. Pocket mice are smaller than kangaroo rats and their don't have long rear legs and feet.

The species in this family eat seeds and plant parts. They usually store food in their cheek pouches and bring it back to their burrow. Many species in this family don't need to drink a lot of water to survive and some speci Endangeredes don't need to drink water at all!

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct in Wild extinctExtinct
Status taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status, or there is no status data for the species.

US Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in US Endangered in NH Endangered in NH Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

New Hampshire Species

 

 North/Central American Species

None   Little Desert Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus arenarius Least Concern
Narrow-skulled Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus artus Least Concern
Bailey's Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus baileyi Least Concern
California Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus californicus Least Concern
Dalquest's Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus dalquesti Vulnerable
Chihuahuan Desert Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus eremicus Least Concern
San Diego Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus fallax Least Concern
Long-tailed Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus formosus Least Concern
Goldman's Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus goldmani Near Threatened
Hispid Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus hispidus Least Concern
Rock Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus intermedius Least Concern
Lined Pocket Gopher - Chaetodipus lineatus [dd]
Nelson's Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus nelsoni Least Concern
Desert Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus penicillatus Least Concern
Sinaloan Pocket Gopher - Chaetodipus pernix Least Concern
Baja Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus rudinoris Least Concern
Spiny Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus spinatus Least Concern
Agile Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys agilis Least Concern
California Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys californicus Least Concern
Gulf Coast Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys compactus Least Concern
Desert Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys deserti Least Concern
Texas Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys elator Vulnerable
San Quintin Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys gravipes Critically Endangered
Heermann's Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys heermanni Least Concern
Giant Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys ingens Endangered Endangered in US
San Jose Island Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys insularis Critically Endangered
Margarita Island Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys margaritae Critically Endangered
Merriam's Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys merriami Least Concern
Houserock Chisel-toothed Kangaroo Rat-Dipodomys microps Least Concern
Nelson's Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys nelsoni Least Concern
San Joaquin Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys nitratoides Vulnerable

North/Central American Species

 
Ord's Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys ordii Least Concern
Panamint Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys panamintinus Least Concern
Phillip's Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys phillipsii Least Concern
Dulzura Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys simulans Least Concern
Banner-tailed Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys spectabilis Near Threatened
Stephens' Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys stephensi Endangered Endangered in US
Narrow-faced Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys venustus Least Concern
Caribbean Spiny Pocket Mouse - Heteromys anomalus Least Concern
Southern Spiny Pocket Mouse - Heteromys australis Least Concern
Desmarest's Spiny Pocket Mouse - Heteromys desmarestianus Least Concern
Gaumer's Spiny Pocket Mouse - Heteromys gaumeri Least Concern
Nelson's Spiny Pocket Mouse - Heteromys nelsoni Endangered
Mountain Spiny Pocket Mouse - Heteromys oresterus Least Concern
Panamanian Spiny Pocket Mouse - Liomys adspersus Least Concern
Mexican Spiny Pocket Mouse - Liomys irroratus Least Concern
Painted Spiny Pocket Mouse - Liomys pictus Least Concern
Salvin's Spiny Pocket Mouse - Liomys salvini Least Concern
Jaliscan Spiny Pocket Mouse - Liomys spectabilis Endangered
Owyhee River Kangaroo Mouse - Microdipodops megacephalus Least Concern
Soda Spring Valley Kangaroo Mouse - Microdipodops pallidus Least Concern
White-eared Pocket Mouse - Perognathus alticolus Endangered
Arizona Pocket Mouse - Perognathus amplus Least Concern
Olive-backed Pocket Mouse - Perognathus fasciatus Least Concern
Plains Pocket Mouse - Perognathus flavescens Least Concern
Silky Pocket Mouse - Perognathus flavus Least Concern
San Joaquin Pocket Mouse - Perognathus inornatus Least Concern
Los Angeles Little Pocket Mouse - Perognathus longimembris Least Concern
Great Basin Pocket Mouse - Perognathus merriami Least Concern
Great Basin Pocket Mouse - Perognathus parvus Least Concern
 

Species Around the World

Location Key
Africa Africa Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North/Central America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH Species

Little Desert Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus arenarius Least Concern North America
Narrow-skulled Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus artus Least Concern North America
Bailey's Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus baileyi Least Concern North America
California Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus californicus Least Concern North America
Dalquest's Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus dalquesti Vulnerable North America
Chihuahuan Desert Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus eremicus Least Concern North America
San Diego Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus fallax Least Concern North America
Long-tailed Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus formosus Least Concern North America
Goldman's Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus goldmani Near Threatened North America
Hispid Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus hispidus Least Concern North America
Rock Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus intermedius Least Concern North America
Lined Pocket Gopher - Chaetodipus lineatus [dd] North America
Nelson's Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus nelsoni Least Concern North America
Desert Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus penicillatus Least Concern North America
Sinaloan Pocket Gopher - Chaetodipus pernix Least Concern North America
Baja Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus rudinoris Least Concern North America
Spiny Pocket Mouse - Chaetodipus spinatus Least Concern North America
Agile Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys agilis Least Concern North America
California Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys californicus Least Concern North America
Gulf Coast Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys compactus Least Concern North America
Desert Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys deserti Least Concern North America
Texas Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys elator Vulnerable North America
San Quintin Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys gravipes Critically Endangered North America
Heermann's Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys heermanni Least Concern North America
Giant Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys ingens Endangered Endangered in US North America
San Jose Island Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys insularis Critically Endangered North America
Margarita Island Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys margaritae Critically Endangered North America
Merriam's Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys merriami Least Concern North America

 

Houserock Chisel-toothed Kangaroo Rat -Dipodomys microps Least Concern North America
Nelson's Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys nelsoni Least Concern North America
San Joaquin Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys nitratoides Vulnerable North America
Ord's Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys ordii Least Concern North America
Panamint Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys panamintinus Least Concern North America
Phillip's Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys phillipsii Least Concern North America
Dulzura Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys simulans Least Concern North America
Banner-tailed Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys spectabilis Near Threatened North America
Stephens' Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys stephensi Endangered Endangered in US North America
Narrow-faced Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys venustus Least Concern North America
Caribbean Spiny Pocket Mouse - Heteromys anomalus Least Concern North America South America
Southern Spiny Pocket Mouse - Heteromys australis Least Concern North America South America
Desmarest's Spiny Pocket Mouse-Heteromys desmarestianus Least Concern North America South America
Gaumer's Spiny Pocket Mouse - Heteromys gaumeri Least Concern North America
Nelson's Spiny Pocket Mouse - Heteromys nelsoni Endangered North America
Paraguaná Spiny Pocket Mouse - Heteromys oasicus South America
Mountain Spiny Pocket Mouse - Heteromys oresterus Least Concern North America
Ecuadoran Spiny Pocket Mouse - Heteromys teleus South America
Panamanian Spiny Pocket Mouse - Liomys adspersus Least Concern North America
Mexican Spiny Pocket Mouse - Liomys irroratus Least Concern North America
Painted Spiny Pocket Mouse - Liomys pictus Least Concern North America
Salvin's Spiny Pocket Mouse - Liomys salvini Least Concern North America
Jaliscan Spiny Pocket Mouse - Liomys spectabilis Endangered North America
Owyhee River Kangaroo Mouse-Microdipodops megacephalus Least Concern North America
Soda Spring Valley Kangaroo Mouse - Microdipodops pallidus Least Concern North America
White-eared Pocket Mouse - Perognathus alticolus Endangered North America
Arizona Pocket Mouse - Perognathus amplus Least Concern North America
Olive-backed Pocket Mouse - Perognathus fasciatus Least Concern North America
Plains Pocket Mouse - Perognathus flavescens Least Concern North America
Silky Pocket Mouse - Perognathus flavus Least Concern North America
San Joaquin Pocket Mouse - Perognathus inornatus Least Concern North America
Los Angeles Little Pocket Mouse - Perognathus longimembris Least Concern North America
Great Basin Pocket Mouse - Perognathus merriami Least Concern North America
Great Basin Pocket Mouse - Perognathus parvus Least Concern North America

Additional Information

Resource Key
profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio

Banner-tailed Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys spectabilis Photos Near Threatened North America
The banner-tailed kangaroo rat is found in Arizona, New Mexico, Texas, and Mexico.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Desert Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys deserti Photos Video Least Concern North America
The desert kangaroo rat is found in(Arizona, California, Nevada, Utah, and Mexico.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Giant Kangaroo Rat - Dipodomys ingens profile Photos Video Endangered Endangered in US North America
The giant kangaroo rat is found in the San Joaquin Valley in California.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Nelson's Spiny Pocket Mouse - Heteromys nelsoni Photos Endangered North America
The Nelson's spiny pocket mouse is found in Guatemala and Mexico.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes