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Fringillidae - True Finches, Siskins, Crossbills, Hawaiian Honeycreepers

 

Classification

 Phylum: Chordata
 Class: Aves
 Order: Passeriformes 
 Family: Fringillidae

GoldfinchThere are around 177 species of birds in this family. They are found all over the world, and many species are found in the Northern Hemisphere. Most species have strong, cone-shaped bills that they use to crack seeds. Some species have small bills, and others have large bills. The birds in this family come in a variety of colors and patterns. They range in size from large to small and all species have 12 tail feathers.

purple honeycreeperHawaiian honeycreepers are all found in forested areas on the Hawaiian Islands. They are small, colorful birds about 4-8 inches in length. They have pointed wings and a medium sized tail. Some honeycreepers have small bills and eat insects, other honeycreepers have short, sturdy bills and eat seeds and other honeycreepers have long, curved bills and eat nectar and insects.

galleryFringillidae Photo Gallery

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct Wild extinctExtinct
Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status.

US Status Key
Threatened in USThreatened in US Threatened in New HampshireThreatened in NH Endangered in USEndangered in US Endangered in NHEndangered in NH breeds in nhBreeds in NH IntroducedIntroduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

  New Hampshire Species

 

 North/Central American Species

American Goldfinch - Spinus tristis Least Concern breeds in nh
Common Redpoll - Carduelis flammea Least Concern
House Finch - Carpodacus mexicanus Least Concern Introduced breeds in nh
Pine Siskin - Carduelis pinus Least Concern breeds in nh
*Purple Finch - Carpodacus purpureus Least Concern breeds in nh
Red Crossbill - Loxia curvirostra Least Concern breeds in nh
White-winged Crossbill - Loxia leucoptera Least Concern breeds in nh
Evening Grosbeak - Coccothraustes vespertinus Least Concern breeds in nh
Pine Grosbeak - Pinicola enucleator Least Concern

*N.H. State Bird

  Black-capped Siskin - Carduelis atriceps Least Concern
European Goldfinch - Carduelis carduelis Least Concern
Red Siskin - Carduelis cucullata Endangered
Antillean Siskin - Carduelis dominicensis Least Concern
Hoary Redpoll - Carduelis hornemanni Least Concern
Lawrence's Goldfinch - Carduelis lawrencei Least Concern
Black-headed Siskin - Carduelis notata Least Concern
Lesser Goldfinch - Carduelis psaltria Least Concern
Gray-capped Greenfinch - Carduelis sinica Least Concern
Eurasian Siskin - Carduelis spinus Least Concern
Yellow-bellied Siskin - Carduelis xanthogastra Least Concern
Cassin's Finch - Carpodacus cassinii Near Threatened
Common Rosefinch - Carpodacus erythrinus Least Concern
Kona Grosbeak - Chloridops kona extinct
Ula-ai-hawane - Ciridops anna extinct
Hooded Grosbeak - Coccothraustes abeillei Least Concern
Black Mamo - Drepanis funerea extinct
Hawaii Mamo - Drepanis pacifica extinct
Lanai Hookbill - Dysmorodrepanis munroi extinct
Greater Akialoa - Hemignathus ellisianus extinct
Oahu Amakihi - Hemignathus flavus Vulnerable
Kauai Amakihi - Hemignathus kauaiensis Vulnerable
Nukupuu - Hemignathus lucidus Critically Endangered
Akiapolaau - Hemignathus munroi Endangered
Lesser Akialoa - Hemignathus obscurus extinct
Anianiau - Hemignathus parvus Vulnerable
Greater Amakihi - Hemignathus sagittirostris extinct
Common Amakihi - Hemignathus virens Least Concern
Apapane - Himatione sanguinea Least Concern
Asian Rosy-finch - Leucosticte arctoa Least Concern
Black Rosy-finch - Leucosticte atrata Least Concern
Brown-capped Rosy-finch - Leucosticte australis Least Concern
Gray-crowned Rosy-finch - Leucosticte tephrocotis Least Concern
Hispaniolan Crossbill - Loxia megaplaga Endangered
Palila - Loxioides bailleui Critically Endangered
Akekee - Loxops caeruleirostris Critically Endangered
Akepa - Loxops coccineus Endangered
Poo-uli - Melamprosops phaeosoma Critically Endangered
Akikiki - Oreomystis bairdi Critically Endangered
Hawaii Creeper - Oreomystis mana Endangered
Akohekohe - Palmeria dolei Critically Endangered
Kakawahie - Paroreomyza flammea extinct
Oahu Alauahio - Paroreomyza maculata Critically Endangered
Maui Alauahio - Paroreomyza montana Endangered
Maui Parrotbill - Pseudonestor xanthophrys Critically Endangered
Ou - Psittirostra psittacea Critically Endangered
Eurasian Bullfinch - Pyrrhula pyrrhula Least Concern
Lesser Koa-finch - Rhodacanthis flaviceps extinct
Greater Koa-finch - Rhodacanthis palmeri extinct
Laysan Finch - Telespiza cantans Vulnerable
Nihoa Finch - Telespiza ultima Critically Endangered
Iiwi - Vestiaria coccinea Vulnerable

Other Species Around the World

Africa Africa Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North/Central America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH Species

Trumpeter Finch - Bucanetes githagineus Least Concern Africa Asia Europe
Spectacled Finch - Callacanthis burtoni Least Concern Asia
Black-headed Greenfinch - Carduelis ambigua Least Concern Asia
Black Siskin - Carduelis atrata Least Concern South America
Black-capped Siskin - Carduelis atriceps Least Concern North America
Black-chinned Siskin - Carduelis barbata Least Concern South America
Eurasian Linnet - Carduelis cannabina Least Concern Africa Asia Europe
European Goldfinch - Carduelis carduelis Least Concern Africa Asia Europe North America
European Greenfinch - Carduelis chloris Least Concern Africa Asia Europe
Alpine Citril Finch - Carduelis citrinella Least Concern Europe
Mediterranean Citril Finch - Carduelis corsicana Least Concern Europe
Thick-billed Siskin - Carduelis crassirostris Least Concern South America
Red Siskin - Carduelis cucullata Endangered North America
Antillean Siskin - Carduelis dominicensis Least Concern North America
Common Redpoll - Carduelis flammea Least Concern Asia North America New Hampshire Species
Twite - Carduelis flavirostris Least Concern Asia Europe
Hoary Redpoll - Carduelis hornemanni Least Concern Asia Europe North America
Warsangli Linnet - Carduelis johannis Endangered Africa
Lawrence's Goldfinch - Carduelis lawrencei Least Concern North America
Hooded Siskin - Carduelis magellanica Least Concern South America
Vietnam Greenfinch - Carduelis monguilloti Near Threatened Asia
Black-headed Siskin - Carduelis notata Least Concern North America
Olivaceous Siskin - Carduelis olivacea Least Concern South America
Pine Siskin - Carduelis pinus Least Concern North America New Hampshire Species breeds in nh
Lesser Goldfinch - Carduelis psaltria Least Concern North America South America
Saffron Siskin - Carduelis siemiradzkii Vulnerable South America
Gray-capped Greenfinch - Carduelis sinica Least Concern Asia North America
Andean Siskin - Carduelis spinescens Least Concern South America
Yellow-breasted Greenfinch - Carduelis spinoides Least Concern Asia
Eurasian Siskin - Carduelis spinus Least Concern Africa Asia Europe North America
American Goldfinch - Spinus tristis Least Concern North America New Hampshire Species breeds in nh
Yellow-rumped Siskin - Carduelis uropygialis Least Concern South America
Yellow-bellied Siskin - Carduelis xanthogastra Least Concern North America South America
Yellow-faced Siskin - Carduelis yarrellii Vulnerable South America
Yemen Linnet - Carduelis yemenensis Least Concern Asia
Cassin's Finch - Carpodacus cassinii Near Threatened North America
Dark-rumped Rosefinch - Carpodacus edwardsii Least Concern Asia
Pink-rumped Rosefinch - Carpodacus eos Least Concern Asia
Common Rosefinch - Carpodacus erythrinus Least Concern Africa Asia Europe North America
House Finch - Carpodacus mexicanus Least Concern North America New Hampshire Species Introduced breeds in nh
Dark-breasted Rosefinch - Carpodacus nipalensis Least Concern Asia
Beautiful Rosefinch - Carpodacus pulcherrimus Least Concern Asia
Red-fronted Rosefinch - Carpodacus puniceus Least Concern Asia
Purple Finch - Carpodacus purpureus Least Concern North America New Hampshire Species breeds in nh
Red-mantled Rosefinch - Carpodacus rhodochlamys Least Concern Asia
Tibetan Rosefinch - Carpodacus roborowskii Least Concern Asia
Pink-browed Rosefinch - Carpodacus rodochroa Least Concern Asia
Spot-winged Rosefinch - Carpodacus rodopeplus Least Concern Asia
Pallas's Rosefinch - Carpodacus roseus Least Concern Asia
Crimson Rosefinch - Carpodacus rubescens Least Concern Asia
Great Rosefinch - Carpodacus rubicilla Least Concern Asia
Streaked Rosefinch - Carpodacus rubicilloides Least Concern Asia
Pale Rosefinch - Carpodacus synoicus Least Concern Africa Asia
White-browed Rosefinch - Carpodacus thura Least Concern Asia
Three-banded Rosefinch - Carpodacus trifasciatus Least Concern Asia
Vinaceous Rosefinch - Carpodacus vinaceus Least Concern Asia
Bonin Grosbeak - Chaunoproctus ferreorostris extinct Asia
Kona Grosbeak - Chloridops kona extinct North America
Ula-ai-hawane - Ciridops anna extinct North America
Hooded Grosbeak - Coccothraustes abeillei Least Concern North America
Hawfinch - Coccothraustes coccothraustes Least Concern Africa Asia Europe
Evening Grosbeak - Coccothraustes vespertinus Least Concern North America New Hampshire Species breeds in nh
Black Mamo - Drepanis funerea extinct North America
Hawaii Mamo - Drepanis pacifica extinct North America
Lanai Hookbill - Dysmorodrepanis munroi extinct North America
Yellow-billed Grosbeak - Eophona migratoria Least Concern
Japanese Grosbeak - Eophona personata Least Concern Asia
Mongolian Finch - Eremopsaltria mongolicus Least Concern Asia
Eurasian Chaffinch - Fringilla coelebs Least Concern Africa Asia Europe
Brambling - Fringilla montifringilla Least Concern Africa Asia Europe
Blue Chaffinch - Fringilla teydea Near Threatened Europe
Scarlet Finch - Haematospiza sipahi Least Concern Asia
Greater Akialoa - Hemignathus ellisianus extinct North America
Oahu Amakihi - Hemignathus flavus Vulnerable North America
Kauai Amakihi - Hemignathus kauaiensis Vulnerable North America
Nukupuu - Hemignathus lucidus Critically Endangered North America
Akiapolaau - Hemignathus munroi Endangered North America
Lesser Akialoa - Hemignathus obscurus extinct North America
Anianiau - Hemignathus parvus Vulnerable North America
Greater Amakihi - Hemignathus sagittirostris extinct North America
Common Amakihi - Hemignathus virens Least Concern North America
Apapane - Himatione sanguinea Least Concern North America
Asian Rosy-finch - Leucosticte arctoa Least Concern Asia
Black Rosy-finch - Leucosticte atrata Least Concern North America
Brown-capped Rosy-finch - Leucosticte australis Least Concern North America
Black-headed Mountain-finch - Leucosticte brandti Least Concern Asia
Plain Mountain-finch - Leucosticte nemoricola Least Concern Asia
Sillem's Mountain-finch - Leucosticte sillemi [dd] Asia
Gray-crowned Rosy-finch - Leucosticte tephrocotis Least Concern North America

Oriole Finch - Linurgus olivaceus Least Concern Africa

  Red Crossbill - Loxia curvirostra Least Concern Africa Asia Europe North America New Hampshire Species breeds in nh
White-winged Crossbill - Loxia leucoptera Least Concern Asia Europe North America New Hampshire Species breeds in nh
Hispaniolan Crossbill - Loxia megaplaga Endangered North America
Parrot Crossbill - Loxia pytyopsittacus Least Concern Asia Europe
Scottish Crossbill - Loxia scotica Least Concern Europe
Palila - Loxioides bailleui Critically Endangered North America
Akekee - Loxops caeruleirostris Critically Endangered North America
Akepa - Loxops coccineus Endangered North America
Poo-uli - Melamprosops phaeosoma Critically Endangered North America
Collared Grosbeak - Mycerobas affinis Least Concern Asia
White-winged Grosbeak - Mycerobas carnipes Least Concern Asia
Black-and-yellow Grosbeak - Mycerobas icterioides Least Concern Asia
Spot-winged Grosbeak - Mycerobas melanozanthos Least Concern Asia
Sao Tome Grosbeak - Neospiza concolor Critically Endangered Africa
Akikiki - Oreomystis bairdi Critically Endangered North America
Hawaii Creeper - Oreomystis mana Endangered North America
Akohekohe - Palmeria dolei Critically Endangered North America
Kakawahie - Paroreomyza flammea extinct North America
Oahu Alauahio - Paroreomyza maculata Critically Endangered North America
Maui Alauahio - Paroreomyza montana Endangered North America
Pine Grosbeak - Pinicola enucleator Least Concern Asia Europe North America New Hampshire Species
Crimson-browed Finch - Pinicola subhimachala Least Concern Asia
Maui Parrotbill - Pseudonestor xanthophrys Critically Endangered North America
Ou - Psittirostra psittacea Critically Endangered North America
Gold-naped Finch - Pyrrhoplectes epauletta Least Concern Asia
Orange Bullfinch - Pyrrhula aurantiaca Least Concern Asia
Gray-headed Bullfinch - Pyrrhula erythaca Least Concern Asia
Red-headed Bullfinch - Pyrrhula erythrocephala Least Concern Asia
White-cheeked Bullfinch - Pyrrhula leucogenis Least Concern Asia
Azores Bullfinch - Pyrrhula murina Endangered Europe
Brown Bullfinch - Pyrrhula nipalensis Least Concern Asia
Eurasian Bullfinch - Pyrrhula pyrrhula Least Concern Asia Europe North America
Lesser Koa-finch - Rhodacanthis flaviceps extinct North America
Greater Koa-finch - Rhodacanthis palmeri extinct North America
Desert Finch - Rhodopechys obsoletus Least Concern Africa Asia
Crimson-winged Finch - Rhodopechys sanguineus Least Concern Africa Asia
Somali Grosbeak - Rhynchostruthus louisae Near Threatened Africa
Arabian Grosbeak - Rhynchostruthus percivali Near Threatened Asia
Socotra Grosbeak - Rhynchostruthus socotranus Least Concern Asia
Black-headed Canary - Serinus alario Least Concern Africa
White-throated Canary - Serinus albogularis Least Concern Africa
Ankober Serin - Serinus ankoberensis Vulnerable Africa
Black-throated Seedeater - Serinus atrogularis Least Concern Africa
Kenya Grosbeak-canary - Serinus buchanani Least Concern Africa
Thick-billed Seedeater - Serinus burtoni Least Concern Africa
Island Canary - Serinus canaria Least Concern Europe
Serinus canicollis Least Concern Africa
Black-faced Canary - Serinus capistratus Least Concern Africa
Abyssinian Citril - Serinus citrinelloides Least Concern Africa
Lemon-breasted Seedeater - Serinus citrinipectus Least Concern Africa
Ethiopian Grosbeak-canary - Serinus donaldsoni Least Concern Africa
White-bellied Canary - Serinus dorsostriatus Least Concern Africa
Mountain Serin - Serinus estherae Least Concern Asia
Yellow-throated Seedeater - Serinus flavigula Endangered Africa
Yellow Canary - Serinus flaviventris Least Concern Africa
Yellow-crowned Canary - Serinus flavivertex Least Concern Africa
Yellow-browed Citril - Serinus frontalis Least Concern Africa
Streaky-headed Seedeater - Serinus gularis Least Concern Africa
Gray-faced Citril - Serinus hypostictus Least Concern Africa
Papyrus Canary - Serinus koliensis Least Concern Africa
Protea Canary - Serinus leucopterus Least Concern Africa
White-rumped Seedeater - Serinus leucopygius Least Concern Africa
Kipengere Seedeater - Serinus melanochrous Near Threatened Africa
Yemen Serin - Serinus menachensis Least Concern Asia
Black-eared Seedeater - Serinus mennelli Least Concern Africa
Yellow-fronted Canary - Serinus mozambicus Least Concern Africa
Ethiopian Siskin - Serinus nigriceps Least Concern Africa
Fire-fronted Serin - Serinus pusillus Least Concern Asia
Reichard's Seedeater - Serinus reichardi Least Concern Africa
Olive-rumped Serin - Serinus rothschildi Least Concern Asia
Principe Seedeater - Serinus rufobrunneus Least Concern Africa
Forest Canary - Serinus scotops Least Concern Africa
European Serin - Serinus serinus Least Concern Africa Asia Europe
Streaky Seedeater - Serinus striolatus Least Concern Africa
Brimstone Canary - Serinus sulphuratus Least Concern Africa
Drakensberg Siskin - Serinus symonsi Least Concern Africa
Syrian Serin - Serinus syriacus Vulnerable Africa Asia
Tibetan Serin - Serinus thibetanus Least Concern Asia
Cape Siskin - Serinus totta Least Concern Africa
Brown-rumped Seedeater - Serinus tristriatus Least Concern Africa
Yellow-browed Seedeater - Serinus whytii Least Concern Africa
Salvadori's Serin - Serinus xantholaemus Vulnerable Africa
Yellow-rumped Seedeater - Serinus xanthopygius Least Concern Africa
Laysan Finch - Telespiza cantans Vulnerable North America
Nihoa Finch - Telespiza ultima Critically Endangered North America
Long-tailed Rosefinch - Uragus sibiricus Least Concern Asia
Iiwi - Vestiaria coccinea Vulnerable North America