Falcons and caracaras have hooked bills, pointed wings, and sharp talons. Females are larger than males.
They eat insects, birds, mammals, amphibians, reptiles, and carrion. Unlike the birds in the Accipitridae family, they kill their prey with their beaks, not their talons, and they have brown, not golden, eyes.
Falcons and caracaras usually nest in trees and male female pairs usually mate for more than one year.