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Erinaceidae - gymnures, hedgehogs

HedgehogThere are about 24 species in this family. They are found in Europe, Africa, and Asia. The species in this family have rounded bodies, pointed noses, and short tails. The species in this family live in burrows or under logs and eat insects, frogs, mice, worms, reptiles, roots, and fruit.

Hedgehogs have sharp, spiny fur on their backs and sides and roll up into a ball to protect their fur covered bellies. Hedgehogs can even eat poisonous snakes! Hedgehogs are nocturnal.

Gymnures don't have spines, but they have stiff, bristly fur. Gymnures give off a musky smell when they are threatened. They are found in southeast Asia. Gymnures are active in the day.

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct Wild extinctExtinct
Status taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status.

US Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in US Endangered in NH Endangered in NH Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

  New Hampshire Species

 

 North/Central American Species

None   None

Other Species Around the World

Africa Africa Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH

Four-toed Hedgehog - Atelerix albiventris Least Concern Africa
North African Hedgehog - Atelerix algirus Least Concern Africa Europe
Southern African Hedgehog - Atelerix frontalis Least Concern Africa
Somali Hedgehog - Atelerix sclateri Least Concern Africa
Moonrat - Echinosorex gymnura Least Concern Asia
Manchurian Hedgehog - Erinaceus amurensis Least Concern Asia
Southern White-breasted Hedgehog - Erinaceus concolor Least Concern Asia
Western European Hedgehog - Erinaceus europaeus Least Concern Asia Europe
Northern White-breasted Hedgehog - Erinaceus roumanicus Least Concern Asia Europe
Long-eared Hedgehog - Hemiechinus auritus Least Concern Africa Asia
Indian Long-eared Hedgehog - Hemiechinus collaris Least Concern  Asia
Long-eared Gymnure - Hylomys megalotis   Asia


  Dwarf Gymnure - Hylomys parvus Vulnerable Asia
Short-tailed Gymnure - Hylomys suillus Least Concern   Asia
Daurian Hedgehog - Mesechinus dauuricus Least Concern  Asia
Hugh's Hedgehog - Mesechinus hughi Least Concern   Asia
Hainan Gymnure - Neohylomys hainanensis Endangered Asia
Shrew Gymnure - Neotetracus sinensis Least Concern  Asia
Desert Hedgehog - Paraechinus aethiopicus Least Concern  Africa Asia
Brandt's Hedgehog - Paraechinus hypomelas Least Concern  Asia
Indian Hedgehog - Paraechinus micropus Least Concern  Asia
Madras Hedgehog - Paraechinus nudiventris Least Concern  Asia
Dinagat Gymnure - Podogymnura aureospinula Endangered  Asia
Mindanao Gymnure - Podogymnura truei Least Concern Asia

Additional Information

Key: profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio

Brandt's Hedgehog - Paraechinus hypomelas profile Photos Least Concern  Asia
Brandt's hedgehog is found in Afghanistan, Iran, Oman, Pakistan, Saudi Arabia, Tajikistan, Turkmenistan, Uzbekistan, and Yemen.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Desert Hedgehog - Paraechinus aethiopicus profile Photos Video Least Concern  Africa Asia
The desert hedgehog is found in Algeria, Bahrain, Chad, Djibouti, Egypt, Eritrea, Ethiopia, Iraq, Israel, Jordan, Kuwait, Libya, Mali, Mauritania, Morocco, Niger, Oman, Qatar, Saudi Arabia, Somalia, Sudan, Syria, Tunisia, United Arab Emirates, Western Sahara, and Yemen.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Hainan Gymnure - Neohylomys hainanensis profile Photos Endangered Asia
The Hainan Gymnure is found in China.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Long-eared Hedgehog - Hemiechinus auritus profile Photos Video Least Concern Africa Asia
The long-eared hedgehog is found in Afghanistan, China, Cyprus, Egypt, Iran, Iraq, Israel, Kyrgyzstan, Lebanon, Libya, Mongolia, Pakistan, Syria, Tajikistan, Turkey, Turkmenistan, Ukraine, and Uzbekistan.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Mindanao Gymnure - Podogymnura truei profile Photos Least Concern Asia
The Mindanao gymmure is found in the Philippines.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Moonrat - Echinosorex gymnura Photos Least Concern Asia
The moonrat is found in Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, and Thailand.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Western European Hedgehog - Erinaceus europaeus profile Photos Video Least Concern Asia Europe
The western European hedgehog is found in Austria, Belgium, Croatia, Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Latvia, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Norway, Poland, Portugal, Russian Federation, Slovenia, Spain, Sweden, Switzerland, and the United Kingdom.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes