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Didelphidae - opossums

Gray Mouse OpossumThere are about 95 species of opossums in this family. Opossums are marsupials. Marsupials have pouches. When female marsupials give birth, their young are blind, hairless, and helpless. They attach themselves to a teat in their mothers pouch and suckle until they are large enough to emerge from her pouch.

Marsupials are found in Australia and North and South America. North American marsupials are members of the Didelphimorphia order. Opossums are the only type of marsupial found in North, Central, and South America. Species include the western woolly opossum, the Patagonian opossum, the brown four-eyed opossum, and the bushy-tailed opossum.

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct in Wild extinctExtinct
Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status.

US Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in US Endangered in NH Endangered in NH Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

  New Hampshire Species

 

 North/Central American Species

Virginia Opossum - Didelphis virginiana Least Concern
  Linnaeus's Mouse Opossum- Marmosa murina Least Concern
Robinson's Mouse Opossum- Marmosa robinsoni Least Concern
Gray-bellied Slender Mouse Opossum- Marmosops fuscatus
Slaty Slender Mouse Opossum- Marmosops invictus Least Concern
Brown Four-eyed Opossum- Metachirus nudicaudatus Least Concern
Alston's Woolly Mouse Opossum- Micoureus alstoni Least Concern
Sepia Short-tailed Opossum- Monodelphis adusta Least Concern
Gray Four-eyed Opossum- Philander opossum Least Concern
Grayish Mouse Opossum- Tlacuatzin canescens Least Concern

North/Central American Species

 
Central American Woolly Opossum- Caluromys derbianus Least Concern
Bare-tailed Woolly Opossum- Caluromys philander Least Concern
Water Opossum- Chironectes minimus Least Concern
Soutthern Opossum- Didelphis marsupialis Least Concern
Mexican Mouse Opossum- Marmosa mexicana Least Concern
 

Other Species Around the World

Africa Africa Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North/Central America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH Species

Central American Woolly Opossum-Caluromys derbianus Least Concern North America South America
Brown-eared Wooly Opossum- Caluromys lanatus Least Concern South America
Bare-tailed Woolly Opossum- Caluromys philander Least Concern North America South America
Black-shouldered Opossum- Caluromysiops irrupta Least Concern South America
Chacodelphys formosa Vulnerable South America
Water Opossum- Chironectes minimus Least Concern North America South America
Agricola's Gracile Opossum- Cryptonanus agricolai South America
Cryptonanus chacoensis Least Concern South America
Cryptonanus guahybae South America
Red-bellied Gracile Mouse Opossum- Cryptonanus ignitus extinct South America
Cryptonanus unduaviensis South America
White-eared Opossum- Didelphis albiventris Least Concern South America
Big-eared Opossum- Didelphis aurita Least Concern South America
Guianan White-eared Opossum- Didelphis imperfecta Least Concern South America
Southern Opossum- Didelphis marsupialis Least Concern North America South America
Didelphis pernigra Least Concern South America
Virginia Opossum- Didelphis virginiana Least Concern North America
Bushy-tailed Opossum- Glironia venusta Least Concern South America
Aceramarca Gracile Mouse Opossum-Gracilinanus aceramarcae Least Concern South America
Agile Gracile Mouse Opossum- Gracilinanus agilis Least Concern South America
Wood Sprite Gracile Mouse Opossum- Gracilinanus dryas Near Threatened South America
Emilia's Gracile Mouse Opossum- Gracilinanus emiliae South America
Northern Gracile Mouse Opossum- Gracilinanus marica Least Concern South America
Brazilian Gracile Mouse Opossum- Gracilinanus microtarsus Least Concern South America
Kalinowski's Mouse Opossumn- Hyladelphys kalinowskii Least Concern South America
Patagonian Opossum- Lestodelphys halli Least Concern South America
Lutrine Opossum- Lutreolina crassicaudata Least Concern South America
Anderson's Mouse Opossum- Marmosa andersoni South America
Little Rufous Mouse Opossum- Marmosa lepida Least Concern South America
Mexican Mouse Opossum- Marmosa mexicana Least Concern North America
Linnaeus's Mouse Opossum- Marmosa murina Least Concern North America South America
Quechuan Mouse Opossum- Marmosa quichua Least Concern South America
Robinson's Mouse Opossum- Marmosa robinsoni Least Concern North America South America
Red Mouse Opossum- Marmosa rubra South America
Tyler's Mouse Opossum- Marmosa tyleriana South America
Dryland Mouse Opossum- Marmosa xerophila Vulnerable South America
Marmosops bishopi Least Concern South America
Slim-faced Slender Mouse Opossum- Marmosops cracens South America
Marmosops creightoni South America
Gray-bellied Slender Mouse Opossum-Marmosops fuscatus North America South America
Handley's Slender Mouse Opossum- Marmosops handleyi Critically Endangered South America
Andean Slender Mouse Opossum- Marmosops impavidus Least Concern South America
Gray Slender Mouse Opossum- Marmosops incanus Least Concern South America
Slaty Slender Mouse Opossum- Marmosops invictus Least Concern North America
Marmosops juninensis Vulnerable South America
Marmosops neblina Least Concern South America
White-bellied Slender Mouse Opossum-Marmosops noctivagus Least Concern South America
Marmosops ocellatus Least Concern South America
  Delicate Slender Mouse Opossum- Marmosops parvidens Least Concern South America
Brazilian Slender Opossum- Marmosops paulensis Least Concern South America
Pinheiro's Slender Opossum- Marmosops pinheiroi Least Concern South America
Brown Four-eyed Opossum- Metachirus nudicaudatus Least Concern North America South America
Alston's Woolly Mouse Opossum- Micoureus alstoni Least Concern North America South America
White-bellied Wooly Mouse Opossum-Micoureus constantiae Least Concern South America
Long-furred Woolly Mouse Opossum- Micoureus demerarae Least Concern South America
Tate's Woolly Mouse Opossum- Micoureus paraguayanus Least Concern South America
Micoureus phaeus Vulnerable South America
Short-furred Woolly Mouse Opossum- Micoureus regina Least Concern South America
Sepia Short-tailed Opossum- Monodelphis adusta Least Concern North America South America
Three-striped Short-tailed Opossum- Monodelphis americana Least Concern South America
Red-legged Short-tailed Opossum-onodelphis brevicaudata Least Concern South America
Southern Short-tailed Opossum- Monodelphis dimidiata Least Concern South America
Gray Short-tailed Opossum- Monodelphis domestica Least Concern South America
Emilia's Short-tailed Opossum- Monodelphis emiliae Least Concern South America
Amazonian Red-sided Opossum- Monodelphis glirina Least Concern South America
Ihering's Three-striped Opossum- Monodelphis iheringi South America
Pygmy Short-tailed Opossum- Monodelphis kunsi Least Concern South America
Marajó Short-tailed Opossum- Monodelphis maraxina South America
Osgood's Short-tailed Opossum- Monodelphis osgoodi Least Concern South America
Hooded Red-sided Opossum- Monodelphis palliolata Least Concern South America
Reig's Opossum- Monodelphis reigi Vulnerable South America
Ronald's Opossum- Monodelphis ronaldi Least Concern South America
Chestnut-striped Short-tailed Opossum- Monodelphis rubida South America
Long-nosed Short-tailed Opossum- Monodelphis scalops Least Concern South America
Shrewish Short-tailed Opossum- Monodelphis sorex Least Concern South America
Southern Three-striped Opossum- Monodelphis theresa South America
Faint-striped Opossum- Monodelphis umbristriata Vulnerable South America
Single-striped Opossum- Monodelphis unistriata South America
Anderson's Four-eyed Opossum- Philander andersoni Least Concern South America
Philander deltae Least Concern South America
Southeastern Four-eyed Opossum- Philander frenatus Least Concern South America
Mcilhenny's Four-eyed Opossum- Philander mcilhennyi Least Concern South America
Philander mondolfii Least Concern South America
Gray Four-eyed Opossum- Philander opossum Least Concern North America South America
Cinderella Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum-Thylamys cinderella Least Concern South America
Elegant Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum- Thylamys elegans Least Concern South America
Karimi's Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum- Thylamys karimii Vulnerable South America
Paraguayan Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum-Thylamys macrurus Near Threatened South America
Pallid Fat-tailed Opossum- Thylamys pallidior Least Concern South America
Common Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum- Thylamys pusillus Least Concern South America
Thylamys sponsorius Least Concern South America
Thylamys tatei South America
Dwarf Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum- Thylamys velutinus Least Concern South America
Buff-bellied Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum- Thylamys venustus South America
Grayish Mouse Opossum- Tlacuatzin canescens Least Concern North America South America

Additional Information

Key: profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio

Order Didelphimorphia profile Photos
Learn more about the characteristics of these North, Central, and South American marsupials.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle/High School Teacher Section: Yes

Aceramarca Gracile Mouse Opossum-Gracilinanus aceramarcae Photos Least Concern South America
The Aceramarca gracile mouse opossum is found in Bolivia and Peru.
Source:
Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Aceramarca Gracile Mouse Opossum -Gracilinanus aceramarcae profile Photos Least Concern South America
The Aceramarca gracile mouse opossum is a small opossum with no pouch. Learn more.
Source: EDGE Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle/High School Teacher Section: No

Agile Gracile Mouse Opossum - Gracilinanus agilis Photos Photos Least Concern South America
These small opossums sometimes find their way into banana shipments!
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle/High School Teacher Section: Yes

Alston's Woolly Mouse Opossum - Micoureus alstoni Photos Least Concern North America South America
Alston's wooly mouse opossum is found in Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Guatemala, Honduras, Nicaragua, and Panama.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle/High School Teacher Section: Yes

Anderson's Mouse Opossum - Marmosa andersoni Photos Photos South America
Anderson's mouse opossum is a mouse-like marsupial with fine, velvety fur and black eye-rings
Source: EDGE Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle/High School Teacher Section: No

Anderson's Mouse Opossum - Marmosa andersoni Photos Photos South America
Everything we know about Anderson's mouse opossum comes from seven individuals found by scientists!
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle/High School Teacher Section: No

Bare-tailed Woolly Opossum- Caluromys philander profile Photos Least Concern North America South America
The bare-tailed wooly opossum is found in Bolivia, Brazil, French Guiana, Guyana, Suriname, Trinidad and Tobago, and Venezuela.
Source:
Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Big-eared Opossum - Didelphis aurita profile Photos Least Concern South America
The big-eared opossum is found along the Atlantic coast of Brazil to northeastern Argentina and southeastern Paraguay. Learn more.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle/High School Teacher Section: Yes

Black-shouldered Opossum- Caluromysiops irrupta profile Least Concern South America
The black-shouldered opossum lives in trees in humid forest in the Andes in Brazil, Colombia, and Peru.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Brown Four-eyed Opossum - Metachirus nudicaudatus Photos Least Concern North America South America
The brown four-eyed opossum gets its name from a white spot over its eyes. Learn more!
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle/High School Teacher Section: Yes

Bushy-tailed Opossum - Glironia venusta profile Photos Least Concern South America
The bushy-tailed opossum lives in the Amazonian regions of Bolivia, Brazil, Ecuador and Peru.
Source: Edge Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle Teacher Section: No

Bushy-tailed Opossum- Glironia venusta profile Photos Least Concern South America
The bushy-tailed opossum has a black mask and a white stripe that runs from the top of its head to the tip of its nose.
Source:
Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Bushy-tailed Opossum- Glironia venusta profile Photos Least Concern South America
The bushy-tailed opossum is the only opossum with a tail that is fully furred on the top and sides.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Central American Woolly Opossum-Caluromys derbianus profile Photos Least Concern North America South America
The Central American wooly opossum is found in Belize, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, and Panama.
Source:
Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Central American Woolly Opossum -Caluromys derbianus profile Least Concern North America South America
The Central American Woolly opossum lives in highland and lowland rainforests.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle/High School Teacher Section: Yes

Elegant Fat-tailed Mouse Opossum- Thylamys elegans Photos Least Concern South America
The elegant fat-tailed mouse opossum- is found in Chile.
Source:
Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Gray Four-eyed Opossum - Philander opossum Photos Photos Least Concern North America South America
This opossum has brown fur and white patches over its eyes. Learn more!
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle/High School Teacher Section: Yes

Grayish Mouse Opossum - Tlacuatzin canescens Photos Least Concern North America South America
This small opossum is found in Mexico. It has brown fur, rounded ears, and black rings around its eyes. Learn more!
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle/High School Teacher Section: Yes

Gray Short-tailed Opossum - Monodelphis domestica Photos Photos Least Concern South America
These tiny mouse-like marsupials are found in the forests of of Brazil, Bolivia, Argentina, and Paraguay. Learn more!
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle/High School Teacher Section: Yes Searchable: Yes

Gray Short-tailed Opossum - Monodelphis domestica Photos Photos Least Concern South America
The female gray short-tailed opossum can have 4-5 litters a year and litters can have up 13 babies.
Source: Brandywine Zoo Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Elementary/Middle School Teacher Section: No

Gray Slender Mouse Opossum - Marmosops incanus Photos Photos Least Concern South America
The gray slender mouse opossum has a black mask and a long, slender white-tipped tail. Learn more!
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle/High School Teacher Section: Yes

Lutrine Opossum - Lutreolina crassicaudata Photos Photos Least Concern South America
The Lutrine opossum has a long weasel-like body, short, rounded ears and a thick tail . Learn more!
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle/High School Teacher Section: Yes

Mexican Mouse Opossum - Marmosa mexicana Photos Photos Least Concern North America
The female Mexican mouse opossum does not have a pouch; she carries her young on her back. Learn more!
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle/High School Teacher Section: Yes

Patagonian Opossum- Lestodelphys halli profile Photos Least Concern South America
The Patagonian opossum is found in Argentina.
Source:
Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Patagonian Opossum - Lestodelphys halli profile Photos Least Concern South America
The Patagonian opossum lives further south than any other opossum species. Learn more!
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle/High School Teacher Section: Yes

Pygmy Short-tailed Opossum - Monodelphis kunsi Photos Photos Least Concern South America
Everything we know about this species is based on 15 specimens examined by scientists. Learn more!
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle/High School Teacher Section: Yes

Red-legged Short-tailed Opossum - onodelphis brevicaudata Photos Photos Least Concern South America
The red-legged short-tailed opossum lives in South America. It has reddish fur on its sides and legs and black feet. Learn more!
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle/High School Teacher Section: Yes

Shrewish Short-tailed Opossum- Monodelphis sorex profile Photos Least Concern South America
The shrewish short-tailed opossum is found in Argentina, Brazil, and Paraguay.
Source:
Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Southern Opossum - Didelphis marsupialis Photos Least Concern North America South America
The southern opossum is found from eastern Mexico to northeastern Argentina Learn more.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle/High School Teacher Section: Yes

Virginia Opossum - Didelphis virginiana profile Photos Least Concern North America
The Virginia opossum is a good swimmer and it can climb trees. Learn more.
Source: Utah's Hogle Zoo Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Elementary/Middle School Teacher Section: No

Virginia Opossum
- Didelphis virginiana profile Photos Audio Least Concern North America
When the Virginia opossum is threatened, it flops on it's side, sticks out its tongue and plays dead! Learn more and print out a fact sheet!
Source: National Geographic Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Elementary/Middle School Teacher Section: No

Virginia Opossum - Didelphis virginiana profile Photos Least Concern North America
The Virginia opossum is the only marsupial found in North America.
Source: Environmental Education for Kids Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Elementary/Middle School Teacher Section: No

Virginia Opossum - Didelphis virginiana profile Photos Least Concern North America
The Virginia opossum has a prehensile tail, but adults cannot hang by it from trees!
Source: Beardsley Zoo Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Elementary School Teacher Section: Yes

Virginia Opossum - Didelphis virginiana profile Photos Least Concern North America
The Virginia opossum is the size of a small dog and has a long, scaly, prehensile tail.
Source: The Mammals of Texas Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Virginia Opossum - Didelphis virginiana profile Photos Least Concern North America
The Virginia opossum marks its territory with scent marks. It licks itself and then rubs the side of its head against tree trunks or other objects.
Source: Brandywine Zoo Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Virginia Opossum - Didelphis virginiana profile Photos Least Concern North America
The life span of the Virginia opossum in the wild is only about 18 months. Learn more.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle/High School Teacher Section: Yes

Virginia Opossum - Didelphis virginiana profile Least Concern North America
Young Virginian opossums spend the first two months of their life in their mother's pouch.
Source: Animal Bytes Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Elementary School Teacher Section: No

Virginia Opossum - Didelphis virginiana profile Least Concern North America
Learn more about the Virginia opossum and print out a labeled diagram.
Source: Enchanted Learning Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Elementary School Teacher Section: No

Water Opossum- Chironectes minimus Photos Video Least Concern North America South America
The water opossum is found in Argentina, Belize, Bolivia, Brazil, Colombia, Costa Rica, Ecuador, El Salvador, French Guiana, Guatemala, Guyana, Honduras, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Paraguay, Peru, Suriname, and Venezuela.
Source:
Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Water Opossum- Chironectes minimus profile Photos Least Concern North America South America
The water opossum is also known as the yapok. It has marbled gray and black fur and lives near streams and lakes.
Source:
Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Water Opossum - Chironectes minimus profile Photos Least Concern North America South America
The water opossum is adapted for life near the water. It has waterproof fur, webbed hind feet and a backward-pointing pouch. Learn more.
Source:
BBC Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

White-eared Opossum - Didelphis albiventris profile Photos Least Concern South America
The white-eared opossum is found throughout South America. It has very large ears, a long tail, and black fur.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle/High School Teacher Section: Yes