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Cercopithecidae - Old World monkeys

Vervet MonkeyThere are about 122 species of medium to large monkeys in this family including rhesus monkeys, proboscis monkeys, colubus monkeys, mandrills, macaques, and baboons. The monkeys in this family are found in Africa and Asia. In most species, their arms are shorter than their legs. Most species have non-prehensile tails. In some species, the tail is very short. Some species, like baboons, have brightly colored rumps, and some species, like mandrills, have brightly colored faces. Most species have well developed facial muscles and use their expressions for visual communication. Some species live in trees and other species live on the ground. Most species live in family groups.

World Status Key
Least Concern Least Concern Near Threatened Near Threatened Vulnerable Vulnerable Endangered Endangered Critically Endangered Critically Endangered
extinct in the wild Extinct in the Wild extinct Extinct
Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status.

US Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in US Endangered in NH Endangered in NH Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

  New Hampshire Species


 North/Central American Species

None   None

Other Species Around the World

Africa Africa Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North/Central America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH Species

Allen's Swamp Monkey- Allenopithecus nigroviridis Least Concern Africa
Agile Mangabey- Cercocebus agilis Least Concern Africa
Sooty/white-naped Mangabey- Cercocebus atys Vulnerable Africa
Golden-bellied Mangabey- Cercocebus chrysogaster [dd] Africa
Tana River Crested Mangabey- Cercocebus galeritus Endangered Africa
Sanje Mangabey- Cercocebus sanjei Endangered Africa
White-collared Mangabey- Cercocebus torquatus Vulnerable Africa
Red-tailed Monkey- Cercopithecus ascanius Least Concern Africa
Campbell's Monkey- Cercopithecus campbelli Least Concern Africa
Moustached Monkey- Cercopithecus cephus Least Concern Africa
Diana/Roloway Monkey- Cercopithecus diana Vulnerable Africa
Dryad Monkey- Cercopithecus dryas Critically Endangered Africa
White-throated Monkey- Cercopithecus erythrogaster Vulnerable Africa
Red-eared Monkey- Cercopithecus erythrotis Vulnerable Africa
Owl-faced Monkey- Cercopithecus hamlyni Vulnerable Africa
L’hoest’s Monkey- Cercopithecus lhoesti Vulnerable Africa
Blue Monkey- Cercopithecus mitis Least Concern Africa
Mona Monkey- Cercopithecus mona Least Concern Africa
De Brazza’s Monkey- Cercopithecus neglectus Least Concern Africa
Putty-nosed Monkey- Cercopithecus nictitans Least Concern Africa
Lesser Spot-nosed Monkey- Cercopithecus petaurista Least Concern  Africa
Crowned Monkey- Cercopithecus pogonias Least Concern Africa
Preuss’s Monkey- Cercopithecus preussi Endangered Africa
Sclater's Monkey- Cercopithecus sclateri Vulnerable Africa
Sun-tailed Monkey- Cercopithecus solatus Vulnerable Africa
Grivet Monkey- Chlorocebus aethiops Least Concern Africa
Malbrouck Monkey- Chlorocebus cynosuros Least Concern Africa
Bale Monkey- Chlorocebus djamdjamensis Vulnerable Africa
Vervet- Chlorocebus pygerythrus Least Concern Africa
Green Monkey- Chlorocebus sabaeus Least Concern Africa
Tantalus Monkey- Chlorocebus tantalus Least Concern Africa
Angola Colobus- Colobus angolensis Least Concern Africa
Guereza- Colobus guereza Least Concern Africa
King Colobus- Colobus polykomos Vulnerable Africa
Black Colobus- Colobus satanas Vulnerable Africa
White-thighed Colobus- Colobus vellerosus Vulnerable Africa
Patas Monkey- Erythrocebus patas Least Concern Africa
Gray-cheeked Mangabey- Lophocebus albigena Least Concern Africa
Black Mangabey- Lophocebus aterrimus Near Threatened Africa
Stump-tailed Macaque- Macaca arctoides Vulnerable Asia
ssam Macaque- Macaca assamensis Near Threatened Asia
Formosan Rock Macaque- Macaca cyclopis Least Concern Asia
Crab-eating Macaque- Macaca fascicularis Least Concern Asia
apanese Macaque- Macaca fuscata Least Concern Asia
Heck's Macaque- Macaca hecki Vulnerable Asia
Northern Pig-tailed Macaque- Macaca leonina Vulnerable Asia
Moor Macaque- Macaca maura Endangered Asia
Rhesus Monkey- Macaca mulatta Least Concern Asia
Arunachal Macaque- Macaca munzala Endangered Asia
Southern Pig-tailed Macaque- Macaca nemestrina Vulnerable Asia
Celebes Crested Macaque- Macaca nigra Critically Endangered Asia
Gorontalo Macaque- Macaca nigrescens Vulnerable Asia
Booted Macaque- Macaca ochreata Vulnerable Asia
Pagai Island Macaque- Macaca pagensis Critically Endangered Asia
Bonnet Macaque- Macaca radiata Least Concern Asia
Siberut Macaque- Macaca siberu Vulnerable Asia
Lion-tailed Macaque- Macaca silenus Endangered Asia
Toque Macaque- Macaca sinica Endangered Asia
Barbary Macaque- Macaca sylvanus Endangered Africa

  Milne-edwards’ Macaque- Macaca thibetana Near Threatened Asia
Tonkean Macaque- Macaca tonkeana Vulnerable Asia
Drill- Mandrillus leucophaeus Endangered Africa
Mandrill- Mandrillus sphinx Vulnerable Africa
Northern Talapoin Monkey- Miopithecus ogouensis Least Concern Africa
Southern Talapoin Monkey- Miopithecus talapoin Least Concern Africa
Proboscis Monkey- Nasalis larvatus Endangered Asia
Olive Baboon- Papio anubis Least Concern Africa
Yellow Baboon- Papio cynocephalus Least Concern Africa
Hamadryas Baboon- Papio hamadryas Least Concern Africa Asia
Guinea Baboon- Papio papio Near Threatened Africa
Chacma Baboon- Papio ursinus Least Concern Africa
Sarawak Surili- Presbytis chrysomelas Critically Endangered Asia
Javan Surili- Presbytis comata Endangered Asia
Banded Surili- Presbytis femoralis Near Threatened Asia
White-fronted Langur- Presbytis frontata Vulnerable Asia
Hose’s Langur- Presbytis hosei Vulnerable Asia
Sumatran Surili- Presbytis melalophos Endangered Asia
Natuna Island Surili- Presbytis natunae Vulnerable Asia
Mentawai Langur- Presbytis potenziani Endangered Asia
Maroon Leaf Monkey- Presbytis rubicunda Least Concern Asia
White-thighed Surili- Presbytis siamensis Near Threatened Asia
Thomas’s Langur- Presbytis thomasi Vulnerable Asia
West African Red Colobus- Procolobus badius Endangered Africa
Udzungwa Red Colobus- Procolobus gordonorum Endangered Africa
Zanzibar Red Colobus- Procolobus kirkii Endangered Africa
Pennant's Red Colobus- Procolobus pennantii Critically Endangered Africa
Preuss’s Red Colobus- Procolobus preussi Critically Endangered Africa
Tana River Red Colobus- Procolobus rufomitratus Least Concern Africa
Olive Colobus- Procolobus verus Near Threatened Africa
Grey-shanked Douc Langur- Pygathrix cinerea Critically Endangered Asia
Red-shanked Douc Langur- Pygathrix nemaeus Endangered Asia
Black-shanked Douc Langur- Pygathrix nigripes Endangered Asia
Tonkin Snub-nosed Monkey- Rhinopithecus avunculus Critically Endangered Asia
Black Snub-nosed Monkey- Rhinopithecus bieti Endangered Asia
Grey Snub-nosed Monkey- Rhinopithecus brelichi Endangered Asia
Golden Snub-nosed Monkey- Rhinopithecus roxellana Endangered Asia
Kipunji- Rungwecebus kipunji Critically Endangered Africa
Kashmir Gray Langur- Semnopithecus ajax Endangered Asia
Southern Plains Gray Langur- Semnopithecus dussumieri Least Concern Asia
Northern Plains Gray Langur- Semnopithecus entellus Least Concern Asia
Tarai Gray Langur- Semnopithecus hector Near Threatened Asia
Black-footed Gray Langur- Semnopithecus hypoleucos Vulnerable Asia
Tufted Gray Langur- Semnopithecus priam Near Threatened Asia
Nepal Gray Langur- Semnopithecus schistaceus Least Concern Asia
Pig-tailed Langur- Simias concolor Critically Endangered Asia
Gelada Baboon- Theropithecus gelada Least Concern Africa
Javan Lutung- Trachypithecus auratus Vulnerable Asia
Tenasserim Lutung- Trachypithecus barbei [dd] Asia
Silvery Lutung- Trachypithecus cristatus Near Threatened Asia
Delacour's Langur- Trachypithecus delacouri Critically Endangered Asia
François’s Langur- Trachypithecus francoisi Endangered Asia
Gee’s Golden Langur- Trachypithecus geei Endangered Asia
Indochinese Lutung- Trachypithecus germaini Endangered Asia
Hatinh Langur- Trachypithecus hatinhensis Endangered Asia
Nilgiri Langur- Trachypithecus johnii Vulnerable Asia
Laotian Langur- Trachypithecus laotum Vulnerable Asia
Dusky Leaf-monkey- Trachypithecus obscurus Near Threatened Asia
Phayre’s Leaf-monkey- Trachypithecus phayrei Endangered Asia
Capped Langur- Trachypithecus pileatus Vulnerable Asia
White-headed Langur- Trachypithecus poliocephalus Critically Endangered Asia
Shortridge’s Langur- Trachypithecus shortridgei Endangered Asia
Purple-faced Langur- Trachypithecus vetulus Endangered Asia

Additional Information

Key: profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio

Proboscis Monkey- Nasalis larvatus profile Photos Video Endangered Asia
The male probiscus monkey has a huge nose.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School