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Burhinidae - thick-knees

Beach Thick-kneeThis birds in this family are medium to large-sized wading birds. They are usually found in dry, tropical habitats in Africa, Europe, South America, Asia, and Australia. One species that breeds in North America, the double-striped thick-knee (Burhinus bistriatus), is found from southern Mexico south to northern Brazil.

Thick-knees have longs legs with large knee joints, strong yellow or black bills, and large, round yellow eyes. They are a speckled sandy-brown with white undersides.

Thick-knees are mostly nocturnal. During the heat of the day, they stay hidden under bushes. At night they can be identified by their distinctive wailing calls. They eat insects and other invertebrates; some species will also eat small mammals and lizards.

Species include the Eurasian thick-knee, the great thick-knee, the Senegal thick-knee, and the Peruvian thick-knee.

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct in the Wild extinctExtinct
Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status.

US Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in US Endangered in NH Endangered in NH breeds in nh Breeds in NH Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

New Hampshire Species

 

 North/Central American Species

None
  Double-striped Thick-knee - Burhinus bistriatus   Least Concern

Species Around the World

Africa Africa Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North/Central America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH Species

Double-striped Thick-knee - Burhinus bistriatus   Least Concern North America South America
Spotted Thick-knee - Burhinus capensis   Least Concern Africa Asia
Bush Thick-knee - Burhinus grallarius Least Concern Asia Australia
Eurasian Thick-knee - Burhinus oedicnemus   Least Concern Africa Asia Europe
Senegal Thick-knee - Burhinus senegalensis Least Concern Africa
  Peruvian Thick-knee - Burhinus superciliaris Least Concern South America
Water Thick-knee - Burhinus vermiculatus Least Concern Africa
Beach Thick-knee - Esacus giganteus Near Threatened Asia Australia
Great Thick-knee - Esacus recurvirostris Least Concern Asia

Additional Information

Key: profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio

Beach Thick-knee - Esacus giganteus Photos Video Near Threatened Asia Australia
The beach thick-knee is also known as the beach stone-curlew.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Beach Thick-knee - Esacus giganteus Photos Video Near Threatened Asia Australia
The beach thick-knee is found in Australia, Brunei, India, Indonesia, Malaysia, Myanmar, New Caledonia, Papua New Guinea, Philippines, Singapore, Solomon Islands, and Thailand.
Source: Internet Bird Collection Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Bush Thick-knee - Burhinus grallarius   Photos Video Audio Least Concern Asia Australia
The bush thick-knee is found in Australia, Indonesia, and Papua New Guinea.
Source: Internet Bird Collection Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Double-striped Thick-knee - Burhinus bistriatus   Photos Video Audio Least Concern North America South America
The double-striped thick-knee is found from southern Mexico south to Colombia, Venezuela and Brazil. It is also found in the Dominican Republic and Haiti.
Source: Internet Bird Collection Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Double-striped Thick-knee - Burhinus bistriatus   profile Photos Least Concern North America South America
The double-striped thick-knee is mostly nocturnal.
Source: Brookfield Zoo Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Elementary School Teacher Section: Yes

Eurasian Thick-knee - Burhinus oedicnemus   profile Photos Video Least Concern Africa Asia Europe
The Eurasian thick-knee is also known as the stone-curlew.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Great Thick-knee - Esacus recurvirostris Photos Video Audio Least Concern Asia
The great thick-knee is found in Cambodia, China, India, Iran, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Oman, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam.
Source: Internet Bird Collection Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Peruvian Thick-knee - Burhinus superciliaris Photos Video Least Concern South America
The Peruvian thick-knee is found in Chile, Ecuador, and Peru.
Source: Internet Bird Collection Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Senegal Thick-knee - Burhinus senegalensis Photos Video Audio Least Concern Africa
The Senegal thick-knee is found in Africa from between the Sahara and the equator and in the Nile River Valley.
Source: Internet Bird Collection Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Water Thick-knee - Burhinus vermiculatus   profile Photos Video Least Concern Africa
The water thick-knee was once known as the Dikkop.
Source: AfriCam Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Water Thick-knee - Burhinus vermiculatus   profile Photos Video Least Concern Africa
The water thick-knee is mostly nocturnal, but it is more active during the day than most species in the thick-knee family.
Source: Kenya Birds Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No