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Bombycillidae - Waxwings, Silky-flycatchers

 

Classification

 Phylum: Chordata
 Class: Aves
 Order: Passeriformes 
 Family: Bombycillidae

Cedar WaxwingThere are eight species of birds in this family. There are three species of waxwings. Waxwings have crests on their heads, black face masks, and soft brownish-gray feathers. Two of the species, the Cedar waxwing (Bombycilla cedrorum) and the Bohemian waxwing (Bombycilla garrulus), have a unique red waxy tip on the end of their wings and a yellow waxy tip on their tails.

The Japanese waxwing (Bombycilla japonica) has the same red waxy substance on the tips of its wing feathers and a waxy tip on its tail feathers. Waxwings are found in forests and eat insects and berries. They often move in large flocks from berry source to berry source, where they strip a bush or tree clean of berries before moving on! Two species are found in North America, the bohemian waxwing is found in Canada and in Alaska, Washington, Idaho and Montana. The cedar waxwing is found in North America from Canada south to Panama.

phainopeplaThere are four species of silky-flycatchers. They are found from the woodlands of the Southwestern United States south to Panama. They have crests on their heads and range in color from black to gray to yellow. They eat insects and berries.

The phainopepla (Phainopepla nitens) is a silky-flycatcher found in the scrublands of the western United States from central California south to Mexico and east to Texas. Like the waxwings, it has a crest on its head. Males are black and females are gray. It has a long tail and white wing patches. It eats mistletoe berries, but it will eat juniper berries, elderberries, and insects, if it can't find mistletoe.

The gray hypocolius is sometimes placed in its own family, Hypocoliidae. It is found in the Middle East. It breeds in Iraq, Iran, and Pakistan and it winters around the Red Sea, the Persian Gulf, and the coasts of Saudi Arabia. It lives in brush and scrub areas. The gray hypocolius is about the size of a cardinal. It has a long tail and a small bill. Females are all gray. Males are gray with a black mask around their eyes, black edges to their wings, and a black tipped tail. The hypocolius eats berries and insects.

galleryBombycillidae Photo Gallery

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct in the Wild extinctExtinct
Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status.

US Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in US Endangered in NH Endangered in NH breeds in nh Breeds in NH Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

  New Hampshire Species

 

 North/Central American Species

Bohemian Waxwing - Bombycilla garrulus Least Concern
Cedar Waxwing - Bombycilla cedrorum Least Concern Breeds in NH

  Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcher - Phainoptila melanoxantha Least Concern
Gray Silky-flycatcher - Ptilogonys cinereus Least Concern
Long-tailed Silky-flycatcher - Ptilogonys caudatus Least Concern
Phainopepla - Phainopepla nitens Least Concern

Other Species Around the World

Africa Africa Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North/Central America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH Species

Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcher-Phainoptila melanoxantha Least Concern North America
Bohemian Waxwing - Bombycilla garrulus Least Concern Asia Europe North America
Cedar Waxwing - Bombycilla cedrorum Least Concern North America South America New Hampshire Species
Gray Hypocolius - Hypocolius ampelinus Least Concern Asia
  Gray Silky-flycatcher - Ptilogonys cinereus Least Concern North America
Japanese Waxwing - Bombycilla japonica Near Threatened Asia
Long-tailed Silky-flycatcher - Ptilogonys caudatus Least Concern North America
Phainopepla - Phainopepla nitens Least Concern North America

Additional Information

Key: profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio

Black-and-yellow Silky-flycatcher - Phainoptila melanoxantha Photos Video Least Concern North America
The black-and-yellow silky flycatcher is found in Costa Rica and Panama.
Source:
Internet Bird Collection Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Bohemian Waxwing - Bombycilla garrulus profile Photos Audio Least Concern Asia Europe North America
The bohemian waxwing lives a nomadic lifestyle; it moves from place to place in search of berries.
Source:
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Bohemian Waxwing - Bombycilla garrulus profile Photos Least Concern Asia Europe North America
Bohemian waxwings rarely walk on the ground.
Source:
Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Bohemian Waxwing - Bombycilla garrulus Photos Video Audio Least Concern Asia Europe North America
The bohemian waxwing breeds in open coniferous or mixed forests.
Source:
Internet Bird Collection Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Bohemian Waxwing - Bombycilla garrulus profile Photos Audio Least Concern Asia Europe North America
The bohemian waxwing has red, waxy deposits at the tips of their secondary feathers.
Source:
Seattle Audubon Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Cedar Waxwing - Bombycilla cedrorum profile Photos Audio Least Concern North America South America New Hampshire Species
The cedar waxwing's face has a narrow black mask outlined in white.
Source:
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Cedar Waxwing - Bombycilla cedrorum profile Photos Audio Least Concern North America South America New Hampshire Species
The cedar waxwing is only found in North America.
Source:
Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Cedar Waxwing - Bombycilla cedrorum profile Photos Audio Least Concern North America South America New Hampshire Species
Cedar Waxwings eat some insects, but are primarily fruit-eaters.
Source:
Seattle Audubon Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Gray Hypocolius - Hypocolius ampelinus Photos Least Concern Asia
The gray hypocolius breeds in Iraq, Iran, Afghanistan, Pakistan, and Turkmenistan.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Gray Hypocolius - Hypocolius ampelinus Photos Least Concern Asia
In the winter the gray hypocolius can be found ear Red Sea and Persian Gulf coasts of Arabia. It also winters in western India.
Source: Bird Guide Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Japanese Waxwing - Bombycilla japonica Photos Video Near Threatened Asia
The Japanese waxwing is found in north-east Asia.
Source:
Internet Bird Collection Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Long-tailed Silky-flycatcher - Ptilogonys caudatus Photos Video Least Concern North America
The long-tailed silky-flycatcher is a passerine bird found in the mountains of Costa Rica and Panama.
Source:
Internet Bird Collection Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Phainopepla - Phainopepla nitens profile Photos Audio Least Concern North America
The male phainopepla is black and the female is gray. They both have red eyes and crest on their heads.
Source:
Internet Bird Collection Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Phainopepla - Phainopepla nitens Photos Video Audio Least Concern North America
The phainopepla's main food source is mistletoe berries.
Source:
Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Phainopepla - Phainopepla nitens Photos Video Audio Least Concern North America
The phainopepla is found in the deserts and arid woodlands of the southwestern United States and Mexico.
Source:
Cornell Lab of Ornithology Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No