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Bathyergidae - mole rats

naked mole ratThere are fifteen species in this family found in Sub-Saharan Africa. They live in burrows in the ground. They have long, cylinder-shaped bodies; short legs; and small eyes and ears. Most species have loose skin that makes it easy for them to move forwards or backwards in underground tunnels! They do most of their tunnel digging with their incisors and use their feet to move the dirt out of their way. Most species are solitary. They eat roots and tubers.

World Status Key
Least Concern Least Concern Near Threatened Near Threatened Vulnerable Vulnerable Endangered Endangered
Critically Endangered Critically Endangered extinct in the wild Extinct in the Wild extinct Extinct

Status taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status, or there is no status data for the species.

US Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in US Endangered in NH Endangered in NH breeds in nh Breeds in NH Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

  New Hampshire Species

 

 North/Central American Species

None   None

Other Species Around the World

Location Key
Africa Africa antarctica Antarctic Region Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH

Cryptomys kafuensis Vulnerable Africa
African Mole Rat - Cryptomys hottentotus Least Concern Africa
Bocage's Mole Rat - Cryptomys bocagei Least Concern Africa
Cape Dune Mole Rat - Bathyergus suillus Least Concern Africa
Cape Mole Rat - Georychus capensis Least Concern Africa
Damaraland Mole Rat - Cryptomys damarensis Least Concern Africa
Ghana Mole Rat - Cryptomys zechi Least Concern Africa
Mashona Mole-rat - Cryptomys darlingi Least Concern Africa
  Mechow's Mole Rat - Cryptomys mechowi Least Concern Africa
Naked Mole Rat - Heterocephalus glaber Least Concern Africa
Namaqua Dune Mole Rat - Bathyergus janetta Least Concern Africa
Nigerian Mole Rat - Cryptomys foxi Africa
Ochre Mole Rat - Cryptomys ochraceocinereus Least Concern Africa
Silvery Mole Rat - Heliophobius argenteocinereus Least Concern Africa
Zambian Mole-rat - Cryptomys anselli Near Threatened Africa

Additional Information

Key: profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio

African Mole Rat - Cryptomys hottentotus profile Photos Least Concern Africa
Common mole rats are found in southwestern Cape Province, South Africa.
Source:
Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Cape Mole Rat - Georychus capensis profile Photos Least Concern Africa
Cape mole rats are found in the southwestern and southern parts of the Cape of Good Hope Province in South Africa
Source:
Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Damaraland Mole Rat - Cryptomys damarensis Photos Video Least Concern Africa
The Damaraland mole rat lives in underground colonies with as many as 40 individuals.
Source:
Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Damaraland Mole Rat - Cryptomys damarensis profile Photos Least Concern Africa
Damaraland mole rats live in southwestern and central Africa, mostly in Botswana and West Zambia.
Source:
Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Naked Mole Rat - Heterocephalus glaber Photos Video Least Concern Africa
The naked mole rat is found in East Africa in parts of Kenya, Ethiopia and Somalia.
Source:
Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Naked Mole Rat - Heterocephalus glaber profile Photos Least Concern Africa
The naked mole rat has hairs between its toes that allow its feet to work like brooms to sweep away soil.
Source:
Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Naked Mole Rat - Heterocephalus glaber profile Photos Least Concern Africa
The naked mole rat is not completely naked. It has around 100 hairs that it uses like whiskers to help feel its way around underground.
Source:
San Diego Zoo Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Elementary/Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Naked Mole Rat - Heterocephalus glaber profile Photos Least Concern Africa
Naked mole rats are a little bit like ants! They live underground in a colony where there is one dominant rat—the queen, who is the only one who bears young.
Source:
National Geographic Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Elementary/Middle School Teacher Section: No

Naked Mole Rat - Heterocephalus glaber profile Photos Least Concern Africa
The queen naked mole rat can produce up to four litters a year, each with between 12 and 27 pups in a litter.
Source:
Bristol Zoo Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Elementary/Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Naked Mole Rat - Heterocephalus glaber profile Photos Video Least Concern Africa
Naked mole rats can live up to 17 years in the wild.
Source:
Philadelphia Zoo Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Elementary/Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Naked Mole Rat - Heterocephalus glaber profile Photos Video Least Concern Africa
Naked mole rats are radicivores, meaning that they eat primarily eat tubers. One large tuber can feed an entire colony for years.
Source:
Zoo Atlanta Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Elementary/Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Zambian Mole-rat - Cryptomys anselli Photos Near Threatened Africa
The Zambian mole-rat is found in Zambia and the Democratic Republic of the Congo.
Source:
Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Zambian Mole-rat - Cryptomys anselli profile Near Threatened Africa
The Zambian mole-rat lives and forages underground.
Source:
World Association of Zoos and Aquariums Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No