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Apterygidae - Kiwis

 

Classification

 Kingdom: Animalia
 Phylum: Chordata
 Class: Aves
 Order: Struthioniformes
 Family: Apterygidae

kiwiThere are five species of stout, chicken-sized birds in this family. All species are found in the forests of New Zealand.

Kiwis have long, flexible bills with nostrils at the tip; small, rounded heads; and small, round eyes. They have soft, shaggy, fur-like, grayish brown feathers; very small wings that are hidden by their feathers; strong legs; and clawed toes on their feet. Unlike most birds, they have very poor eyesight but a good sense of smell!

Kiwis are nocturnal, they use the long rictal bristles at the base of their bill to navigate around in the dark. Kiwis use their long bills to poke in the leaf litter on the forest floor to search for food like worms, insects, crayfish, fruit and berries.

The female lays 1-2 very large eggs in a burrow in the ground and the male incubates them for 70-80 days. The chicks, unlike most birds, don't have an eyetooth and have to kick their way out of their shell with their legs! Kiwi chicks are precocial and feed themselves shortly after birth.

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct in Wild extinctExtinct Not Enough DataNot Enough Data
Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist.

U.S. Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Endangered in US Endangered in US Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife. Click on U.S. status icon to go to the U.S. Fish and Wildlife species profile.
  New Hampshire Status Key
Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in NH Endangered in NH Breeds in NH Breeds in NH (birds)
Status taken from NH Fish and Game

Location Key
Africa Africa Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH More Info Click for More Info picture Click for Image

  New Hampshire Species

 

 North/Central American Species

None   None

Other Species Around the World

Great Spotted Kiwi - Apteryx haastii Vulnerable Australia
Little Spotted Kiwi - Apteryx owenii Near Threatened Australia
Northern Brown Kiwi - Apteryx mantelli Vulnerable Australia
  Okarito Kiwi - Apteryx rowi Vulnerable Australia
Southern Brown Kiwi - Apteryx australis Vulnerable Australia

Additional Information

Resource Key
profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio

Kiwis profile Photos Video
The kiwi is New Zealand's national bird. Learn more about this flightless bird!
Source: New Zealand Department of Conservation Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Kiwis profile Photos
The kiwi is the only bird in the world that has nostrils at the tip of its bill.
Source: San Diego Zoo Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Elementary/Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Kiwis profile Photos Video
The total number of kiwis in the wild is around 70,000.
Source: National Zoo Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Elementary/Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Great Spotted Kiwi - Apteryx haastii profile Photos Video Vulnerable Australia
The great spotted kiwi is found on South Island in New Zealand.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Great Spotted Kiwi - Apteryx haastii profile Photos Vulnerable Australia
Great spotted kiwi live in forested mountains from sea level to 4,900 feet.
Source: Save the Kiwi Intended Audience: General/Students Reading Level: Elementary/Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Great Spotted Kiwi - Apteryx haastii profile Photos Vulnerable Australia
The great spotted kiwi, like other species of kiwi, is nocturnal.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Great Spotted Kiwi - Apteryx haastii profile Photos Vulnerable Australia
The great spotted kiwi is also known as the roroa.
Source: Birds of New Zealand Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Little Spotted Kiwi - Apteryx owenii profile Photos Near Threatened Australia
The little spotted kiwi is the smallest kiwi species.
Source: Save the Kiwi Intended Audience: General/Students Reading Level: Elementary/Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Little Spotted Kiwi - Apteryx owenii Photos Near Threatened Australia
The little spotted kiwi is found on Kapiti Island and in remote forests of South Island in New Zealand.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Little Spotted Kiwi - Apteryx owenii profile Photos Near Threatened Australia
The male little spotted kiwi, not the female, tends to the nest during the 70-day incubation period.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Little Spotted Kiwi - Apteryx owenii profile Photos Audio Near Threatened Australia
The little spotted kiwi is also known as the Kiwi puku–puku.
Source: Birds of New Zealand Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Little Spotted Kiwi - Apteryx owenii profile Photos Near Threatened Australia
The little spotted kiwi was found in forested areas throughout New Zealand before European settlement.
Source: BirdLife International Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Northern Brown Kiwi - Apteryx mantelli profile Photos Video Vulnerable Australia
The northern brown kiwi is also known as the North Island brown kiwi.
Source: Save the Kiwi Intended Audience: General/Students Reading Level: Elementary/Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Northern Brown Kiwi - Apteryx mantelli profile Photos Vulnerable Australia
The northern brown kiwi was once found throughout the North and northern South Islands of New Zealand.
Source: Save the Kiwi Intended Audience: General/Students Reading Level: Elementary/Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Northern Brown Kiwi - Apteryx mantelli profile Photos Vulnerable Australia
One of the biggest threats to the northern brown kiwi is introduced predators.
Source: BirdLife International Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Northern Brown Kiwi - Apteryx mantelli profile Photos Vulnerable Australia
The northern brown kiwi has a thick covering of shaggy hairlike gray-brown feathers.
Source: National Zoo Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Okarito Kiwi - Apteryx rowi profile Photos Vulnerable Australia
The rowi is only found in the south Okarito forest in west South Island, New Zealand where it is limited to an area of around 6.2 square miles.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Okarito Kiwi - Apteryx rowi profile Photos Vulnerable Australia
The rowi was only identified as a distinct kiwi species in 2003.
Source: Save the Kiwi Intended Audience: General/Students Reading Level: Elementary/Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Southern Brown Kiwi - Apteryx australis profile Photos Video Vulnerable Australia
The southern brown kiwi is found on Stewart Island and Fiordland on South Island in New Zealand.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Southern Brown Kiwi - Apteryx australis profile Photos Vulnerable Australia
The southern brown kiwi is found in subtropical and temperate forests and grasslands.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Southern Brown Kiwi - Apteryx australis profile Photos Vulnerable Australia
The southern brown kiwi is also known as the Tokoeka.
Source: Save the Kiwi Intended Audience: General/Students Reading Level: Elementary/Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Southern Brown Kiwi - Apteryx australis profile Photos Vulnerable Australia
The southern brown kiwi population in the wild is around 27,000 individuals.
Source: BirdLife International Intended Audience: General Reading Level: High School Teacher Section: No

Southern Brown Kiwi - Apteryx australis profile Photos Vulnerable Australia
Southern brown kiwis live in a variety of habitats, including scrub, sand dunes, grasslands and forests.
Source: Melbourne Museum Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Elementary School Teacher Section: Yes