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Laniidae - Shrikes



 Phylum: Chordata
 Class: Aves
 Order: Passeriformes 
 Family: Laniidae

Loggerhead ShrikeThere are around 30 bird species in this family. They are between 6-14 inches in length. They have strong, slightly hooked bills and strong, sharp claws. Most species have long, narrow tails. Shrikes are usually black, brown, or gray on their uppersides and and a paler color on their undersides.

Birds in this family prey on vertebrate and invertebrate animals. They are the only birds in the the Passeriformes order that are predators, in fact, Laniidae is Latin for butcher! They often catch small birds, mammals, reptiles, and amphibians and impale them on thorns or barbed wire to eat later!

Shrikes are found in all parts of the world, except for South America and Australia.

galleryLaniidae Photo Gallery

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct Wild extinctExtinct
Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status.

US Status Key
Threatened in USThreatened in US Threatened in New HampshireThreatened in NH Endangered in USEndangered in US Endangered in NHEndangered in NH breeds in nhBreeds in NH IntroducedIntroduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

  New Hampshire Species


 North/Central American Species

Loggerhead Shrike - Lanius ludovicianus Least Concern
Northern Shrike
- Lanius excubitor Least Concern
  Brown Shrike - Lanius cristatus Least Concern

Other Species Around the World

Africa Africa Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North/Central America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH Species

Yellow-billed Shrike - Corvinella corvina Least Concern Africa
White-crowned Shrike - Eurocephalus anguitimens Least Concern Africa
White-rumped Shrike - Eurocephalus rueppelli Least Concern Africa
Bull-headed Shrike - Lanius bucephalus Least Concern Asia
Long-tailed Fiscal - Lanius cabanisi Least Concern Africa
Common Fiscal - Lanius collaris Least Concern Africa
Red-backed Shrike - Lanius collurio Least Concern Africa Asia Europe
Burmese Shrike - Lanius collurioides Least Concern Asia
Brown Shrike - Lanius cristatus Least Concern Asia North America
Taita Fiscal - Lanius dorsalis Least Concern Africa
Northern Shrike - Lanius excubitor Least Concern Asia Europe North America New Hampshire Species
Gray-backed Fiscal - Lanius excubitoroides Least Concern Africa
Emin's Shrike - Lanius gubernator Least Concern Africa
Rufous-tailed Shrike - Lanius isabellinus Least Concern Asia
Loggerhead Shrike - Lanius ludovicianus Least Concern North America New Hampshire Species

  Mackinnon's Shrike - Lanius mackinnoni Least Concern Africa
Uhehe Fiscal - Lanius marwitzi Least Concern Africa
Lesser Gray Shrike - Lanius minor Least Concern Africa Asia Europe
Sao Tome Fiscal - Lanius newtoni Critically Endangered Africa
Masked Shrike - Lanius nubicus Least Concern Africa Asia Europe
Long-tailed Shrike - Lanius schach Least Concern Asia Australia
Woodchat Shrike - Lanius senator Least Concern Africa Asia Europe
Somali Fiscal - Lanius somalicus Least Concern Africa
Souza's Shrike - Lanius souzae Least Concern Africa
Chinese Gray Shrike - Lanius sphenocercus Least Concern Asia
Gray-backed Shrike - Lanius tephronotus Least Concern Asia
Tiger Shrike - Lanius tigrinus Least Concern Asia
Mountain Shrike - Lanius validirostris Near Threatened Asia
Bay-backed Shrike - Lanius vittatus Least Concern Asia
Magpie Shrike - Urolestes melanoleucus Least Concern Africa