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Haematopodidae - oystercatchers

Magellanic OystercatcherOystercatchers are shorebirds with long, strong, pointed orange or red bills that they use to open oysters and other bivalves. They also eat fish and crabs. Most species are black or dark brown with white undersides. Males and females look alike. Oystercatchers live on coasts in all areas of the world, except for the Arctic and Antarctic regions.

Oystercatchers nest in a scrape on the ground. The female lays 1-3 eggs. Both the female and the male incubate the eggs. During the breeding season, oystercatchers are very territorial.

There species in this family include the black oystercatcher, the South Island oystercatcher, the sooty oystercatcher, the pied oystercatcher, the African oystercatcher, the Eurasian oystercatcher, and the American oystercatcher. One species, the Canarian black oystercatcher, is extinct.

World Status Key
Least ConcernLeast Concern Near ThreatenedNear Threatened VulnerableVulnerable EndangeredEndangered Critically EndangeredCritically Endangered extinct in the wildExtinct in Wild extinctExtinct
Status taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status, or there is no status data for the species.

US Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in US Endangered in NH Endangered in NH Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

New Hampshire Species

 

 North/Central American Species

None   American Oystercatcher -  Haematopus palliatus Least Concern
Black Oystercatcher -  Haematopus bachmani Least Concern

Species Around the World

Location Key
Africa Africa Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North/Central America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH Species

Blackish Oystercatcher -  Haematopus ater Least Concern South America
Black Oystercatcher -  Haematopus bachmani Least Concern North America
Chatham Oystercatcher -  Haematopus chathamensis Endangered Australia
Sooty Oystercatcher -  Haematopus fuliginosus Least Concern Australia
Magellanic Oystercatcher -  Haematopus leucopodus Least Concern South America


  Pied Oystercatcher -  Haematopus longirostris Least Concern Asia Australia
Canary Islands Oystercatcher -  Haematopus meadewaldoi extinct Europe
African Oystercatcher -  Haematopus moquini Near Threatened Africa
Eurasian Oystercatcher -  Haematopus ostralegus Near Threatened Africa Asia Europe
American Oystercatcher -  Haematopus palliatus Least Concern North America South America
Variable Oystercatcher -  Haematopus unicolor Least Concern Australia

Additional Information

Resource Key
profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio

African Oystercatcher -  Haematopus moquini profile Photos Near Threatened Africa
The African oystercatcher is found in Namibia and South Africa.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

American Oystercatcher -  Haematopus palliatus profile Photos Audio Least Concern North America South America
The American oystercatcher is found along the Atlantic Coast from southern New England south to South America. It is also found in the Gulf Coast and on the Pacific Coast north to Southern California.
Source: Cornell Lab of Ornithology Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

American Oystercatcher -  Haematopus palliatus profile Photos Video Least Concern North America South America
The American oystercatcher is the largest shorebird in the Americas.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Black Oystercatcher -  Haematopus bachmani profile Photos Audio Least Concern North America
The black oystercatcher is found on the Pacific Coast of Canada and the United States.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Chatham Oystercatcher -  Haematopus chathamensis profile Photos Video Endangered Australia
The Chatham oystercatcher is found in the Chatham Islands in New Zealand
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Eurasian Oystercatcher -  Haematopus ostralegus profile Photos Video Least Concern Africa Asia Europe
The Eurasian oystercatcher is found throughout Europe, Asia, and Africa.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Magellanic Oystercatcher -  Haematopus leucopodus Photos Least Concern South America
The Magellanic oystercatcher is found in Argentina, Chile, the Falkland Islands, South Georgia, and the South Sandwich Islands
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes