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Ciconiidae - storks

Wood StorkStorks have long legs, long bills, long wings, and long necks. They usually have bare heads and necks. Storks are found in all parts of the world where it is warm. Most stork species are migratory.

Storks don't have a pharynx so they don't have any vocalizations! They clack their bills to communicate!

Storks are wading birds and eat fish, small mammals, amphibians, birds, and insects. Storks usually use the same nesting site from year-to-year, and stork mating pairs will add on to their nest. Stork nests can become as large as six feet in diameter and 10 feet deep.

The wood stork is the only member of this family that breeds in the United States. Small and endangered breeding populations can be found in Florida, Georgia, South Carolina, and North Carolina. The wood stork is also found throughout much of South America, Central America, and the Caribbean, where it is not endangered.

The wood stork stands around 2.5-3.5 feet tall. It has a white body and a featherless black head and neck. It has a long, down-curved yellow bill and long black legs with pinkish feet. It is found in marshes and swamps and walks though shallow water searching for prey like small fish, frogs, and large insects. It locates prey by opening its bill in the water and waiting for prey to run into it! When is feels something touch its bill, it quickly snaps it shut. The wood sotrk was once know as the wood ibis.

The jabiru is a stork found in Central and South America. It is the tallest flying bird found in the Americas. It can be up to five feet tall and can have a wingspan 7-9 feet. It has a white body and a featherless black head and upper neck and a featherless red pouch at the base of its neck.

There are 19 species in this family.

World Status Key
Least Concern Least Concern Near Threatened Near Threatened Vulnerable Vulnerable Endangered Endangered Critically Endangered Critically Endangered extinct in the wild Extinct in the Wild extinct Extinct
Status and range is taken from ICUN Redlist. If no status is listed, there is not enough data to establish status.


US Status Key
Threatened in US Threatened in US Threatened in New Hampshire Threatened in NH Endangered in US Endangered in US Endangered in NH Endangered in NH breeds in nh Breeds in NH Introduced Introduced
Status taken from US Fish and Wildlife and NH Fish and Game

New Hampshire Species

 

 North/Central American Species

None  

Jabiru - Jabiru mycteria Least Concern
Wood Stork - Mycteria americana Least Concern Endangered in US North America South America

Species Around the World

Africa Africa Asia Asia Australia Australia/Oceania Europe Europe North America North/Central America South America South America New Hampshire Species NH Species

African Openbill - Anastomus lamelligerus Least Concern Africa
Asian Openbill - Anastomus oscitans Least Concern Asia
Abdim's Stork - Ciconia abdimii Least Concern Africa Asia
Oriental Stork - Ciconia boyciana Endangered Asia
White Stork - Ciconia ciconia Least Concern Africa Asia Europe
Woolly-necked Stork - Ciconia episcopus Least Concern Africa Asia
Maguari Stork - Ciconia maguari Least Concern North America South America
Black Stork - Ciconia nigra Least Concern Africa Asia Europe
Storm's Stork - Ciconia stormi Endangered Asia
Black-necked Stork - Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus Near Threatened Asia Australia
  Saddle-billed Stork - Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis Least Concern Africa
Jabiru - Jabiru mycteria Least Concern North America South America
Marabou Stork - Leptoptilos crumeniferus Least Concern Africa
Greater Adjutant - Leptoptilos dubius Endangered Asia
Lesser Adjutant - Leptoptilos javanicus Vulnerable Asia
Milky Stork - Mycteria cinerea Vulnerable Asia
Yellow-billed Stork - Mycteria ibis Least Concern Africa
Painted Stork - Mycteria leucocephala Near Threatened Asia

Additional Information

Key: profile Profile Photos Photos Video Video Audio Audio

Storks Photos Photos
Storks are found on all continents except Antarctica and are most common in tropical regions.
Source: San Diego Zoo Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Abdim's Stork - Ciconia abdimii Photos Video Least Concern Africa Asia
Abdim's stork migrates with the rainfall.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes


Asian Openbill - Anastomus oscitans Photos Least Concern Asia
The Asian openbill is found in Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Black Stork - Ciconia nigra profile Photos Least Concern Africa Asia Europe
The black stork is found from Spain to China during the nesting season.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Black Stork - Ciconia nigra profile Photos Video Least Concern Africa Asia Europe
The black stork has a black head, upperparts, wings, tail and neck and a white belly and undertail.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Black-necked Stork - Ephippiorhynchus asiaticus profile Photos Video Near Threatened Asia Australia
The black-necked stork is found in Australia, Bhutan, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Myanmar, Nepal, Papua New Guinea, and Sri Lanka.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Greater Adjutant - Leptoptilos dubius profile Photos Video Endangered Asia
The greater adjutant is found in Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Nepal, Thailand, and Vietnam.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Jabiru - Jabiru mycteria profile Photos Least Concern North America South America
The jabiru is found from Mexico to Argentina. It occasionally is seen in Texas.
Source: Animal Diversity Web Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Jabiru - Jabiru mycteria Photos Least Concern North America South America
Jabirus are found in large groups near rivers and ponds.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Lesser Adjutant - Leptoptilos javanicus Photos Video Vulnerable Asia
The lesser adjutant is found in Bangladesh, Brunei Darussalam, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Laos, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Marabou Stork - Leptoptilos crumeniferus profile Photos Least Concern Africa
The Marabou stork is found in Sub-Saharan Africa.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Marabou Stork - Leptoptilos crumeniferus profile Photos Least Concern Africa
The Marabou stork is one of the largest flying birds in the world.
Source: National Zoo Intended Audience: Students Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Milky Stork - Mycteria cinerea profile Photos Vulnerable Asia
The milky stork is found in Cambodia, Indonesia, and Malaysia.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Oriental Stork - Ciconia boyciana profile Photos Endangered Asia
The Oriental stork is found in China, Hong Kong, Japan, North Korea, South Korea, and Taiwan.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Painted Stork - Mycteria leucocephala Photos Video Near Threatened Asia
The painted stork gets its name from its pink tertial feathers.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Saddle-billed Stork - Ephippiorhynchus senegalensis Photos Video Least Concern Africa
The saddle-billed stork has a bright red bill with large black band.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Storm's Stork - Ciconia stormi profile Photos Video Endangered Asia
The Storm's stork is found in Brunei Darussalam, Indonesia, Malaysia, and Thailand.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

White Stork - Ciconia ciconia profile Photos Video Least Concern Africa Asia Europe
The white stork breeds grounds southern Europe, the Middle East and west-central Asia. It winters in southern Africa.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Wood Stork - Mycteria americana Photos Least Concern North America South America
The wood stork is the only stork that breeds in the United States.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Wood Stork - Mycteria americana profile Photos Audio Least Concern North America South America
The wood stork has a bald black head and neck and a white body.
Source: Cornell Lab of Ornithology Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Wood Stork - Mycteria americana profile Photos Audio Least Concern North America South America
The wood stork places its open bill in the water; when it feels a fish touch its bill, it snaps it closed.
Source: National Geographic Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: No

Woolly-necked Stork - Ciconia episcopus Photos Video Least Concern Africa Asia
The wooly-necked stork is usually non-migratory.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes

Yellow-billed Stork - Mycteria ibis Photos Video Least Concern Africa
The yellow-billed stork has a long, conical bill and a red face mask.
Source: Arkive Intended Audience: General Reading Level: Middle School Teacher Section: Yes